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剑桥国际英语教程 学生用书 入门级 Unit 5 - Unit 8  

2015-12-26 19:34:47|  分类: 【基础英语】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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剑桥国际英语教程 学生用书 入门级 05 - d.s - D.S的个人主页
 
Unit 5 What are you doing?
1 CONVERSATION Listen and practice.
Debbie: Hello? 
John: Hi, Debbie. This is John. I'm calling from Australia.我从澳大利亚打来的电话。

Debbie: Australia? 
John: I'm at a conference in Sydney. Remember? 我在悉尼开会,还记得吗?

Debbie: Oh, right. What time is it there? 那儿几点了?
John: It's 10:00 P.M. And it's four o'clock there in Los Angeles. Right?
Debbie: Yes, four o'clock in the morning. 
John: 4:00 A.M.? Oh, I'm really sorry. 实在抱歉。

Debbie: That's OK. I'm awake . . . now. 没关系,我现在醒了。

at a conference 在开会
i am awake 我醒了
i am calling from ....我从.....打来的电话

2 TELLING TIME (1) A Listen and practice.
It's five o'clock in the morning.  早上5点
It's 5:00 A.M.

It's seven o'clock in the morning. 早上7点
It's 7:00 A.M.

It's twelve o'clock. 12点
It's noon. 正中午

It's four in the afternoon. 下午4点
It's 4:00 P.M.

It's seven in the evening. 晚上7点
It's 7:00 P.M.

It's twelve o'clock at night.  晚上12点
It's midnight. 半夜
 

3 SNAPSHOT TIME ZONES Listen and practice.
Vancouver 温哥华(加拿大一港市) 
Los Angeles 洛杉矶
Mexico City 墨西哥城
Lima 利马(秘鲁首都) 
Montreal 蒙特利尔(加拿大 
New York City 纽约
San Juan 圣胡安(波多黎各的首府;阿根廷中西部的省及其首府
) 
Brasilia 巴西利亚 
Sao Paulo 圣保罗(巴西的座城市) 
London 伦敦
Moscow 莫斯科
Seoul 首尔
Bangkok 曼谷

Tokyo 东京
Sydney 悉尼(澳大利亚一城市) 

 

5 TELLING TIME (2) A Listen and practice.
What time is it? 几点了?
It's one o'clock.

It's one-oh-five.      1:05
It's five (minutes) after one.

It's one-fifteen.    1:15
It's a quarter after one.

It's one-thirty.     1:30

It's one-forty.    1:40
It's twenty to two. 

It's one forty-five.    1:45
It's a quarter to two.

先说分钟后说点
30分钟前用past
30分钟后用 to  
Past = after


6 CONVERSATION Listen and practice.
Steve:Hi,Mom. 
Mrs.Dole:What are you doing,Steve?

Steve:I'm hungry, so I'm cooking.
Mrs.Dole:You're cooking? It's two o'clock in the morning!
Steve:Yeah,but I'm really hungry! 
Mrs.Dole:What are you making?

Steve: Pizza. 
Mrs.Dole: Mmm, pizza. So let's eat!
 

7 GRAMMAR FOCUS    What + doing; conjunction so
What's s.b doing?

Los Angeles 4:00 A.M. 
What's Victoria doing? 
She's sleeping right now. 她现正在睡觉。
 

Mexico City 6:00 A.M. 
What's Marcos doing? 
It's 6:00 A.M., 
so he's getting up.
 

New York City 7:00 A.M.
What are Sue and Tom doing? 
They're having breakfast.
 

Brasilia 9:00 A.M. 
What's Celia doing? 
She's going to work.
 

London 12:00 NOON
What are James and Anne doing? 
It's noon, so they're having lunch.
 

Moscow 3:00 P.M. 
What's Andrei doing? 
He's working.
 

Bangkok 7:00 P.M. 
What's Permsak doing? 
He's eating dinner right now.
 

Tokyo 9:00 P.M. 
What's Hiroshi doing? 
He's watching television.
 

Your city 00.00 
What are you doing? 
It's..., so I'm ....

Spelling sleep 彙leeping       get 彙etting(+ t)            have 彙aving(- e)
                          sleeping                 getting                                having

直接+ ing
辅元辅,倒起数,双写词尾+ ing
去 e + ing
 

8 PRONUNCLATION Intonation of yes/no and Wh-questions
part A. Listen and practice. Notice the intonation of the questions.
A:Is Victoria getting up?
B:No,she isn't.

A:What's Victoria doing? 
B:She's sleeping.
 

part B. Listen to the questions.
Write ? for rising intonation or ? for falling intonation.
1.Are you wearing a coat?
   Yes, i am.

2.What are you doing right now?
   I am having a lunch.

3.What time is it?
   It's noon.

4.It's  at midnight?
    No, It's a quarter to 12.

5.What color is your T-shirt?
   It's purple.

6.Are you from Thailand?
  Yes, i am.

9 WORD POWER Activities. part A. Listen and practice.
   1.She is playing a tennis。
   2.He is riding a bike.
   3.she is running.
   4.He is swiming.
   5.She is taking a walk.
   6.They are dancing.
   7.She is driving.
   8.They are going to the movies.
   9.She is shopping.
   10.She is reading.
   11.She is studing.
   12.He is watching television.
   
11 READING 
   It's Saturday! 
   What are you doing?

1.We're washing people's cars. My friends and I are working together.The money from the 
   car wash is for our school football team.
 
2.I'm watching a funny movie with my friend. It's noon.My friend is laughing at something,
   so now I'm laughing,too. We're laughing at everything!
 
3.I'm with my granddaughter in the park. Her parents are working today. We're playing 
   and talking.  She's telling me about school. She and I are good friends.
 

4.I'm sitting in bed with my laptop computer.  It's 11:00 at night. I'm writing letters to
   friends.  They're in other countries. But I'm thinking about them,so I'm not sad.

football team 足球队
good friends 好朋友
laughing at 嘲笑....

Unit 6 We live in the suburbs
1 SHAPSHOT City May. Listen and practice.
   downtown
   suburbs 
   country 
   houses
   apartment
   store
   school 学校

   ... terminal
   bus station 公交车站
   subway station 地铁站
   train station 火车站
    taxi stand 出租车招呼站

2 CONVERSATION Listen and practice.
Ashley: Hey, Jason. What are you doing?
Jason: Oh, I'm waiting for my mom. My bike has a flat tire.
Ashley: Is she coming right now? 
Jason: Yeah. She works near here.

Ashley: Oh, that's good. 
Jason: So what are you doing?

Ashley:I'm going home. I don't live far from here, so I walk to school.
Jason: You're lucky!

flat tire 轮胎漏气


3 WORD POWER Family relationships. part A. Pair work Complete the sentences about the Carter family.Then listen to check your answers.
(1)  
Ann is .. 's wife. ============= 
(2)  Jackson and  Amy are their children.
(3)  ... is Ann's husband. 
(4)  Jenson is Ann's son
(5)  Amy is ...'s daughter.
(6)  Jenson is Amy's brother.
(7)  Amy is jenson's sister.
(8)  .. and Ann are jenson's parents.

4 GRAMMAR FOCUS Simple present statements
I walk to school. 
I don't live far from here.
 

You ride your bike to school. 
You don't live near here.
 

He works near here. 
He doesn't work downtown.
 

She takes the bus to work. 
She doesn't drive to work.
 

We live with our parents. 
We don't live alone.
 

They use public transportation. 
They don't need a car.
 

don't = do not                
doesn't = does not
 

5 GRAMMAR FOCUS Simple present statements with irregular verbs.
I / you / we / they / he / she /it

I have a bike. 
It has a flat fire.

We do our homework every day. 
My father does a lot of work at home.

My parents go to work by car. 
My sister goes to school by bus.
 

6 PRONUNCIATION Third-person singular s. Listen and practice. Notice the pronunciation 
   of s endings.
s = /s/ 
take      takes 
sit         sits 
walk     walks

s = /z/ 
go          goes
live        lives 
study     studies

(e)s = /iz/ 
dance       dances 
use           uses 
watch       watches

irregular 
do             does 
say           says 
have         has
 

8 CONVERSATION Listen and practice.
Jack:Let's go to the park on Sunday.
Amy:OK, but let's not go early. I sleep late on weekends.
Jack:What time do you get up on Sundays? 
Amy:At ten o'clock.

Jack:Oh, that isn't very late. I get up at noon.
Amy:Do you eat breakfast then? 
Jack:Sure. I have breakfast every day.

Amy:Then let's meet at Harry's Restaurant at one o'clock. They serve breakfast all day on 
        Sundays  for people like us.

serve breakfast 卖早餐,供应早餐 
all day 整天
get up 起床


10 GRAMMAR FOCUS Simple present questions
A:Do you get up early on weekends? 
B:No, I get up late.

A:What time do you get up? 
B:At ten o'clock.
 

A:Does he have breakfast on Sundays? 
B:Yes,he eats breakfast every day.
 

A:What time does he have breakfast? 
B:At noon.
 

A:Do they shop together? 
B:Yes, they shop together a lot.
 

A:When do they shop? 
B:On Saturdays.
 

Time expressions 
early 
late 
every day

on Sundays 
on weekends 
on weekdays

in the morning 
in the afternoon 
in the evening

at nine o'clock 
at noon
at midnight 
at night
 

11 READING WHAT`S YOUR SCHEDULE LIKE?
Brittany Davis College Student
"My classes all start at 8:00 A.M, so I get up at 7:00, eat a quick breakfast,and take the bus 
to the university.In the afternoon, I have a job at the library.My only time to study is in the evening, from eight until midnight.I work at the library on Saturdays, too.But on Saturday nights I stay out late, and on Sundays I sleep until noon!"

Joshua Burns Web-Site Designer
"I design Web sites for small companies. I'm self-employed, so I work at home.I get up 
at 6:30 and go for a run before breakfast.I'm at my computer by 8:00, and I work until 
6:00.Around one o'clock, I take a lunch break,and I 'surf the Net' to look at other Web sites.
I work hard sometimes I work all night to finish a project.But I never work on weekends!"

Web site 网站
self-employed 个体户,自雇的
Designer 设计师
get up 起床
go for a run 去跑步
look at 看...
surf the Net 网上漫游,网上冲浪
take a lunch break 午餐休息
work hard 努力工作
project 项目

Maya Black Rock Musician
"I go to work at ten o'clock in the evening , and I play until 3:00 A.M.I take a break at midnight, though.After work, I have dinner at an all night restaurant.Then I take a taxi
 home.I go to bed at five in the morning and sleep until two in the afternoon.I only work 
three nights a week. Friday,Saturday, and Sunday, but I practice every afternoon."

take a taxi home 乘出租车回家
go to bed 上床睡觉

Unit 7 Does the apartment have view?
1 SNAPSHOT Houses and Apartments Listen ad practise.
house 
the house has two floors, a garage and a yard. 
the first floor has a living room.a dining room. a ktichen.a loung room and... in the second floor.

the second floor has 
every bedroom has closet.

apartment
lobby
the apartmetn building... 
every aprartment has a living room,a kitchen,a  dining room,a badroom,a bathroom and a closet.

2 CONVERSATION Listen and practice.
Linda: Guess what! I have a new apartment 
Chris: That's super. What's it like?

Linda: It's really beautiful. 
Chris: How many rooms does it have?

Linda: Well, it has a bedroom, a bathroom, a kitchen, and a living room.Oh, and a big 
           closet in the hall. 
Chris: Where is it?

Linda: It's on Lakeview Drive. 
Chris: Oh, nice. Does it have a view?
Linda: Yes, it does. It has a great view of my neighbor's apartment!
 

3 GRAMMAR FOCUS Simple present short answers;how many
A:Do you live in an apartment? 
B:Yes,I do.
    No, I don't.
 

A:Does the apartment have a view? 
B:Yes, it does. 
    No,it doesn't.
 

A:Do the bedrooms have closets? 
B:Yes,they do. 
   No,they don't.
 

A:How many rooms does the apartment have? 
B:It has four rooms.

closet 壁橱


5 WORD POWER Furniture. part A. Listen and practice.
armchairs 扶手椅
stove 炉子
curtains 窗帘
pictures 图画

clock 钟
bed 床
table 桌子
coffee table 咖啡桌

microwave oven 微波炉
oven 烤炉
refrigerator  冰箱
lamps 灯
sofa 沙发

desk 书桌
bookcase 书柜
dresser 化妆台
chairs 椅子
mirror 镜子
rug 小地毯
television 电视
 

6 CONVERSATION Listen and practice.

Chris: This apartment is great.
Linda: Thanks. I love it, but I really need some furniture.
Chris: What do you need?
Linda: Well, there are some chairs in the kitchen, but there isn't a table.
Chris: And there's no sofa here in the living room.
Linda: And there aren't any chairs. There's only this lamp
Chris: So let's go shopping next weekend!
 

7 GRAMMAR FOCUS There is, there are
There's a lamp in the living room. 
There's no sofa in the living room.

There isn't a table in the kitchen. 
There are some chairs in the kitchen.

There are no chairs in living room.
There aren't any chairs in the living room. 

There's = There is
There's a 
There's no...
There are some ...
There aren't any ....
 

8 PRONUNCIATION Words with th
A Listen and practice. Notice the two pronunciations of th.
There are thirteen rooms in this house. The house has three bathrooms.

11 READING TWO SPECIAL HOUSES IN THE AMERICAN SOUTHWEST
In San Antonio, Texas, there is a purple house.
This house is the home of Sandra Cisneros.Ms. Cisneros is a Mexican-American writer.
She is famous for her interesting stories. The house has a porch with a pink floor.
The rooms are green, pink, and purple. There are many books and colorful paintings
Many other houses near Ms. Cisneros's house are white or beige, so her house is very 
different.Some of her neighbors think her house is too colorful, but Ms. Cisneros loves it.

Every year many people visit the land of the Navajos,the largest Native American tribe 
in the Southwest.Most people stay in hotels, but some are now staying in traditional 
Navajo homes,called hogans. Hogans are made of logs and mud and have dirt floors.
Lorraine Nelson, a schoolteacher from Arizona,now invites visitors to stay in a hogan 
on her property.Her hogan has three chairs, two beds on the floor, and a wood-burning 
stove.Ms. Nelson teaches guests about Navajo traditions.

schoolteacher 小学老师
Every year many people 每年很多人


Unit 8 What do you do?
1 WORD POWER Jobs. Listen and practice. Then match the occupations to the pictures.
1.She is a receptionist.她是接待员
2.She is a doctor.她是医生
3.She is a nurse. 她是护士
4.He is a pilot. 他是飞行员
5.she is a flight attendant. 她是空姐
6.He is musician.他是音乐家    
7.She is a singer. 她是歌手
8.She is a juge. 她是法官
9.He is police officer. 他是警官
10.He is a lawer. 他是律师
11.He is a cook. 他是厨师(一般的厨师/小饭店)
12.He is a chef 他是厨师 (指大厨,主厨/大饭店)
13.He is a waiter. 他是服务员/侍者
14.She is a waitress. 她是服务员/待者
15.He is salesperson. 他是售货员
16.She is cashier. 她是出纳
17.She is security guard. 她是保安

3 CONVERSATION Listen and practice.
Rachel: Where does your brother work? 
Angela: In a hotel.

Rachel: Oh, that's interesting. My brother works in a hotel, too.
Angela: Really? What does he do, exactly?
Rachel: He's a chef in the restaurant. What about your brother?
Angela: He's a security guard, but he doesn't like it.
Rachel:That's too bad. 
Angela: Yeah. He's looking for a new job.
 

4 GRAMMAR FOCUS Simple present Wh-questions with do
Where do you work? 
I work in a hotel. 

What do you do there? 
I'm a receptionist.
 

Where does she work? 
She works in a store.
 

What does she do there? 
She's a cashier.
 

Where do they work? 
They work in a hospital.
 

What do they do there? 
They're nurses.
 

5 FROUNCIATION Reduction of do and does
part A. Listen and practice. Notice the reduction of do and does in these questions.
Where do you work? 
What do you do? 
Where does he work? 
What does he do?

Where do they work? 
What do they do?
 

8 CONVERSATION Listen and practice.
Richard:Hi, Stephanie. I hear you have a new job.
Stephanie: Yes. I'm teaching math at Lincoln High School.
Richard: How do you like it?
Stephanie: It's great. The students are terrific. How are things with you?
Richard: Not bad. I'm an air traffic controller now, you know.
Stephanie: Now,that's exciting! 
Richard: Yes, but it's a very stressful job.
 
controller 管理者 n
High School 高中

9 GRAMMAR FOCUS Adjectives before nouns
be + adjective
A police officer's job is dangerous. A doctor's job is stressful.
 

adjective + noun
A police officer has a dangerous job. A doctor has a stressful job.
 

11 READING 
What do you do, exactly?

Joseph Todd As a judge, I am in charge of trials.I listen to people and their lawyers, 
and I make decisions.These decisions are sometimes very difficult.Of course, I know 
the law well, but each person's case is different,and I try to be fair.

Molly Swift 
I do many kinds of carpentry.That way; I work all year. I build furniture, and I also build houses.My work is sometimes difficult and dangerous.Those days, a lot of things are "prefabricated" already made.As a result, my job is easier, but there is less work.

each person 每个人
carpentry 木工手艺,木匠业n 
prefabricated 预制 v

Benjamin Morse 
My job keeps me busy.I plan lessons, give tests, grade homework, talk to parents,
help with after school activities and, of course, I teach! My salary isn't great, but that's OK.
My students are excited about learning, so I'm happy.

grade 年级n
          评分v

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