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剑桥国际英语教程 学生用书 入门级 Unit 9 - Unit 12  

2015-12-26 19:45:13|  分类: 【基础英语】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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剑桥国际英语教程 学生用书 入门级 09 - d.s - D.S的个人主页

 
 Unit 9 Broccoli is good for you
1 SHAPSHOT Food Pyramid
The Food Pyramid is a guide of what to eat and how much to eat each day.For good 
health,eat a lot of grains, vegetables, and fruit. Eat some dairy,meat, and other protein. 
Eat very little fat, oil,and sugar.
 
grain  谷物,粮食 n

Listen and practice  Fat,Oil,Sugar 
cream 奶油
butter 黄油
oil 油
candy 糖果
potato chips 炸薯条 n

Meat and Other Protein 
chicken 鸡
fish 鱼
beans 豆 
eggs 蛋
nuts 坚果
beef 牛肉

Dairy 
milk 
cheese 
yogurt

Fruit 
bananas 
apples 
oranges 
strawberries 
mangoes

Vegetables 
broccoli 西兰花
carrots 胡萝卜
lettuce 莴苣
tomatoes 西红柿
potatoes 土豆

Grains 
crackers 薄脆饼干
cereal 谷类,谷物
bread 面包
pasta 意大利面食
noodles 面条
rice 米
 

2 WORD POWR Foods: countable and uncountable.part A. Listen and practice.
Countable 可数的
I'm buying an orange. I love oranges. Oranges are delicious.

Uncountable 不可数的
I'm buying some broccoli.
I like broccoli. Broccoli is good for you.

specific 
an orange        some broccoli

general 
oranges            broccoli
 

3 CONVERSATION  part A. Listen and practice.
Adam: What do you want for the barbecue?
Amanda: Hmm. How about chicken and hamburgers?
Adam: OK. We have some chicken in the freezer ,but we don't have any hamburger meat.
Amanda: And there aren't any hamburger rolls.
Adam: Do we have any soda?
Amanda: No, we don't. We need some. Oh, and let's get some lemonade, too.
Adam: All right. And how about potato salad?
Amanda: Oh, yeah. Everyone likes potato salad.
 
barbecue 烤架 n & v
freezer 冰箱,冷冻柜
soda 汽水,苏打水
hamburger meat 猪肉汉堡
hamburger rolls 汉堡卷
potato salad  土豆色拉

4 GRAMMAR FOCUS Some and any
Do we need any meat? 
We need some hamburger meat.

We don't need any chicken. 

Do we need any soda?
Yes, let's get some soda. 
Yes, let's get some.

No, we don't need any soda. 
No, we don't need any.
 

5 PRONUNCIATION Sentence stress. part A .Listen and practice. Notice the words with the most stress.
A:What do you need? 
B:I need some bread and some fish.

A: Do you need any fruit? 
B: Yes. I want some bananas.
 

6 CONVERSATION Listen and practice.
Sarah: Let's have breakfast together on Sunday.
Kumiko: OK. Come to my house. My family always has a Japanese-style breakfast on 
              Sundays.
Sarah: Really? What do you have?
Kumiko: We usually have fish, rice, and soup.
Sarah: Fish for breakfast? That's interesting.
Kumiko: Sometimes we have a salad, too. And we always have green tea.
Sarah: Well, I never eat fish for breakfast , but I love to try new things.

Japanese-style  日式的
Come to 来 ....
green tea 绿茶
love to try 爱尝试 .... ,  喜欢尝试.....

7 GRAMMAR FOCUS Adverbs of frequency
I always eat breakfast. 
I usually eat breakfast.

I often eat breakfast. 
I sometimes eat breakfast.

I seldom eat breakfast. 
I never eat breakfast.

Sometimes I eat breakfast. 

Do you ever have fish for breakfast?

Yes,I always do. 
Sometimes I do. 
No,I never do.

always  /  usually /   often  /  sometimes  /  seldom  /  never
 

10 READING Eating for Good Luck
On New Year's Day, many people eat special foods for good luck in the new year.

Some Chinese people eat tangerines. Tangerines are round.Round foods end and begin again,like years

It is a Jewish custom to eat apples with honey for a sweet new year.

Greeks eat vasilopitta,bread with a coin inside.Everyone tries to find the coin for luck and money in the new year.

In Spain and some Latin American countries,people eat twelve grapes at midnight on New Year's Eve, one grape for good luck in each month of the new year.

On New Year's Day in Japan, people eat mochi rice cakes for strength in the new year.

Some Americans from southern states eat black eyed peas and rice with collard greens.
The black-eyed peas are like coins, and the greens are like dollars.

Jewish 犹太人的 a
mochi 糯米团(日)n
good luck 好运
special foods 特别的食物
Round foods 圆的食物
in the new year 在新年
on New Year's Eve 除夕
On New Year's Day 元旦
Latin American 拉丁美洲人,拉丁美洲的


Unit 10 You can play baseball really well.
1 SHAPSHOT SPORTS SEASONS IN THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA
Listen and practice.
In the winter, people ... 
play hockey 
play basketball
go ice-skating 
go skiing

In the spring, people ... 
play golf 
play soccer

In the summer,people ... 
play baseball 
play tennis
play volleyball 
go swimming

In the fall,people...  在秋天,人们.....
play football 踢足球
go bike riding 去骑自行车
go hiking去徒步旅行
 

2 CONVERSATION Listen and practice.
Lauren: So, Justin, what do you do in your free time?
Justin: Well, I love sports. 
Lauren: Really? What sports do you like?

Justin: Hmm. Hockey, baseball, and skiing are my favorites.
Lauren: Wow, you're a really good athlete!
Justin:Oh, no,I'm not. I don't play those sports. I just watch them on TV!
 

3 GRAMMAR FOCUS Simple present Wh-questions
What sports do you play? 
I play baseball and I go skiing.
 

Who do you play baseball with? 
With some friends from work. We have a team.
 

When does your team practice? 
We practice on Saturdays.
 

What time do you practice on Saturdays? 
We start at ten o'clock in the morning
 

Where do you go skiing? 
I go skiing in Colorado.
 

What do your parents think of skiing? 
They think it's dangerous.
 

5 CONVERSATION Listen and practice.
Katherine: Oh, look. There's a talent show on Saturday. Let's enter.
Philip: I can't enter a talent show. What can I do?
Katherine: You can sing really well. 
Philip: Oh! Thanks... But you can, too.

Katherine: Well, no. I can't sing at all,but I can play the piano.
Philip: So maybe we can enter the show. 
Katherine: Sure. Why not?

Philip: OK. Let's start to practice tomorrow!
 
talent show 选秀比赛,选秀节目

6 PRONUNCIATION Can and can't A Listen and practice.
Notice the pronunciation of can and can't
I can play the guitar, but I can't sing very well.
 

7 GRAMMAR FOCUS Can for ability
I can sing very well. Can You sing? 
Yes, I can.
 

You can sing very well
Can I sing? 
Yes,you can.
 

He can sing very well. Can he sing? 
Yes,he can.
 

She can't sing at all. Can she sing? 
No,she can't.
 

We can't sing at all. Can we sing? 
No,we can't.
 

They can't sing at all Can they sing? 
No,they aren't.
 

10 READING Race the U.S.!
Here are three unique races:
One race takes place in a building. In the Empire State Building Run-Up,racers run up the
 stairs to the top of New York City's Empire State Building.The climb is 1,050 feet (320 
meters) 86 floors,or 1,575 steps.Winners can reach the top in just 10 to 11 minutes.

Racers in the Badwater Run in California run 139 miles (224 kilometers),climbing 8,653 
feet (2,637 meters).The race begins in Death Valley, a desert.The temperature is about 
130° F (54°C),and contestants sometimes run through sandstorms.The race ends near
 the top of Mount Whitney, where the temperature Is only 30° F (-1°C),and there are sometimes ice storms.Amazingly, winners can usually finish in about 28 hours.

Race Across America is a bicycle race all the way across the U.S.from lrvine, California,to Savannah,Georgia.In this race,there are no "time-outs" for sleep,so the racers can sleep 
only about three hous each day.Winners complete the 2,900 miles (4,667 kilometers) in just eight to ten days.

Unit 11 What are you going to do?
1 WORD POWER Dates. part A. Listen. Practice the months and the ordinal numbers.
January 
February 
March 
April 
May 
June 
July 
August

September 
October 
November 
December
 

1st 
2nd 
first 
second 

3rd 
4th 
third 
fourth
 

5th 
6th 
fifth 
sixth 

7th 
8th 
seventh 
eighth
 

9th 
10th 
ninth t
enth 

11th 
12th 
eleventh 
twelfth 
 

13th 
14th
thirteenth 
fourteenth 

15th 
16th
fifteenth
sixteenth 
 

17th 
seventeenth 

18th 
eighteenth 

19th 
nineteenth 

20th
twentieth 
 

21st 
twenty-first 

22nd 
twenty-second 
 

23rd 
twenty-third 

24th 
twenty-fourth
 

25th 
twenty-fifth 

26th 
twenty-sixth
 

27th 
twenty-seventh 

28th 
twenty-eighth
 

29th 
twenty-ninth 

30th 
thirtieth
 

31st
thirty-first
 

2 CONVERSATION A Listen and practice.
Amy: Are you going to do anything exciting this weekend?
Philip: Well, I'm going to celebrate my birthday.
Amy: Fabulous! When is your birthday, exactly?
Philip: It's August ninth  Sunday. 
Amy: So what are your plans?

Philip: Well, my friend Katherine is going to take me to a restaurant.
Amy: Nice! Is she going to order a cake?
Philip: Yeah, and the waiters are probably going to sing "Happy Birthday" to me. It's so 
          embarrassing!
 
order 订购v 

3 GRAMMAR FOCUS The future with be going to
Are you going to do anything exciting this weekend?
Yes,I am. I'm going to celebrate my birthday.
No,I'm not. I'm going to stay home
 

Is Katherine going to have a party for you?
Yes,she is. She's going to invite all my friends.
No,she isn't. She's going to take me out to a restaurant.
 

Are the waiters going to sing to you?
Yes, they are. They're going to sing "Happy Birthday."
No,they aren't. But they're going to give me a cake.
 

4 PRONUNCIATION Reduction of going to part A Listen and practice. Going to is sometimes pronounced /g?n?/ in conversation.
A: Are you going to have a party for your birthday?
B: No, I'm going to go out with a friend.
A: Are you going to go to a restaurant? 
B: Yes. We're going to go to Nick's Cafe
 

7 CONVERSATION Listen and practice.
Monica: So, Dennis. What are you going to do for Thanksgiving?
Dennis: I'm going to have dinner at my parents' house. What about you? Any plans?
Monica: Yeah. I'm going to cook dinner with some friends.We're going to make fish soup.
Dennis: Hmm. That's unusual. We always have turkey, mashed potatoes ....
Monica: I know. Every year, my friends and I make something different.
Dennis: Sounds like fun. Well, have a happy Thanksgiving, 
Monica:Thanks.You,too.
 
mashed potatoes 土豆泥
make fish soup 做鱼汤


8 GRAMMAR FOCUS Wh-questions with be going to
Where are you going to go for the holiday? 
We're going to go to my parents' house.

Who's going to be there? 
My whole family is going to be there. 

How are you going to get there? 
We're going to drive.

whole family 全家
My whole family 我全家

Time expressions 
tonight 
tomorrow 
tomorrow night
next week 
next month 
next summer
 

11 READING WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO DO ON YOUR BIRTHDAY?
"My twenty-first birthday is on Saturday,and I'm going to go out with some friends.
To wish me a happy birthday, they're going to pull on my ear 21 times,once for each year. 
It's an old custom.Some people pull on the ear just once, but my friends are very traditional!"
"Tomorrow is my sixteenth birthday.

It's a special birthday so we're going to have a family ceremony.I'm probably going to 
get some money in 'lucky' envelopes from my relatives.My mother is going to cook 
noodles.noodles are for a long life."

"My husband is going to be 60 tomorrow.In Japan, the sixtieth birthday is called kanreki 
it's the beginning of a new life.The color red represents a new life,so we always give 
something red for a sixtieth birthday.What am I going to give my husband? I can't say. 
It's a surprise!"

"I'm going to be 30 next week,so I'm going to invite three very good friends out to dinner.
In France, when you have a birthday, you often invite people out.In some countries, I know 
it's the opposite people take you out."

old custom 老习惯,旧习俗
long life 长寿
it's the beginning of  新的开始


Unit 12 What's the matter?
1 WORD POWER Parts of the body A Listen and practice.
head 
eye 
ear 
nose 
mouth 
tooth/teeth 
chin

back 
shoulder 
chest 
stomatch 
throat 
neck

wrist 
arm 
elbow 
thumb
hand 
finger(s)

leg 
knee 
ankle 
foot/feet 
toe(s)
 

2 CONVERSATION Listen and practice.
Brian: Hey, Ken. How are you? 
Ken: Oh, I'm not so good, actually.

Brian: Why? What's the matter?
Ken: Well, I have a headache. And a backache.
Brian: Maybe you have the flu.
Ken: No, I think I just miss Japan。 I feel a little homesick
Brian: That's too bad . . . . But I think I can help.Let's have lunch at that new Japanese        
           restaurant.
Ken: That's a great idea. Thanks, Brian. I feel better already!
 

3 GRAMMAR FOCUS Have + noun; feel + adjective
I have a headache. 我头痛
I have a sore throat. 我喉咙痛
I have the flu. 我感冒了

How do you feel?
I feel sick. 
I feel sad. 
I feel better. 
I don't feel well. 
 

Adjectives - +
sick 
sad 
bad 
awful 
terrible 
fine (well) 
happy 
good (better) 
great 
terrific
 

3 GRAMMAR FOCUS A Listen and practice.
she has a backache
he has stomachache
she has a cold
he has a fever



5 SHAPSHOT Listen and practice.
muscle cream
cold pills



6 CONVERSATION Listen and practice.
Dr. Young: Hello, Ms. West. How are you today?
Ms. West: I feel terrible. 
Dr. Young: So, what's wrong, exactly?

Ms. West: I'm exhausted. 
Dr. Young: Hmm. Why are you so tired?

Ms. West: I just can't sleep at night. 
Dr. Young: OK. Let's take a look at you.

Dr. Young: I'm going to give you some pills Take one pill every night after dinner.
Ms. West: OK. 
Dr. Young: And don't drink coffee, tea, or soda.

Ms. West: No soda? 
Dr. Young: No. And don't work too hard.

Ms. West: All right. Thanks, Dr. Young.
 

8 PRONUNCIATION Sentence stress
A Listen and practice. Notice the main stress in these sentences.
Take some aspirin. 
Go to bed. 
Use some muscle cream.
 

Don't drink coffee. 
Don't go to work. 
Don't exercise this week.
 

B Listen and mark the main stress in these sentences.
Take a hot bath. 
Stay in bed. 
Don't lift heavy things.
 

Don't drink soda. 
Eat a lot of vegetables. 
Don't go to bed late.
 

9 GRAMMAR FOCUS Imperatives
Take a pill every four hours. 
Drink lots of juice.

Don't work too hard. 
Don't stay up late.
 

10 READING 1O Simple Ways To Improve Your Health
Believe it or not, you can greatly improve your health in these ten simple ways:
1.Eat breakfast. Breakfast gives you energy for the morning.
2.Go for a walk.Walking is good exercise, and exercise is necessary for good health.
3.Floss your teeth. Don't just brush them. Flossing keeps your gums healthy.
4.Drink eight cups of water every day. Water helps your body in many ways.
5.Stretch for five minutes.Stretching is important for your muscles.
6.Wear a seat belt. Every year, seat belts save thousands of lives.
7.Do something to challenge your brain.For example, do a crossword puzzle or read a new 
   book.
8.Moisturize your skin and use sunscreen.
9.Get enough calcium. Your bones need it. Yogurt and milk have calcium.Or drink orange 
   juice with calcium added.
10.Take a "time-out" - a break of about 20 minutes.
 Do something different For example, get up and walk. Or sit down and listen to music.

    更多系列学习教程请点击进入
 
 



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