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新概念英语第一册 lesson 65 - lesson 67  

2016-01-18 00:02:50|  分类: 【基础英语】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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lesson 65 Not a baby
听录音,然后回答问题。
Does Jill take the key to the front door?
吉尔有没有拿到大门的钥匙?

FATHER:    What are you going to do this evening,  Jill?
Jill:            I'm going to meet some friends, Dad.
FATHER:        You mustn't come home late. You must be home at half past ten.
Jill:         I can’t get home so early, Dad.
Can I have the key to the front door, please?
FATHER:        NO, you can't.
MOTHER:    Jill's eighteen years old, Tom. She's not a baby. Give her the key. She always comes home early.
FATHER:        Oh, all right!
FATHER:   Here you are.   But you mustn't come home after a quarter past eleven. Do you hear?
Jill:        Yes, Dad.
Jill:        Thanks, Mum.
MOTHER:       That's all right. Goodbye. Enjoy yourself!
Jill:        We always enjoy ourselves, Mum. Bye, bye.
New Word and expressions1 生词和短语
Dad
n. 爸(儿语)
key
n. 钥匙
baby
n. 婴儿
hear
v. 听见
enjoy
v. 玩得快活
yourself
rpon.你自己
ourselves
pron.我们自己
mum
n. 妈妈
参考译文
父亲:今晚你打算干什么,吉尔?
吉尔:我打算去看几个朋友,爸爸。
父亲:你不准回家太晚,你必须在10点半到家。
吉尔:这么早我到不了家,爸爸!
吉尔:我能带上前门的钥匙吗?
父亲:不行, 你不能带。
母亲:吉尔都18岁了,汤姆。她不是小孩子了
把钥匙给她吧。她总早早回家的。
父亲:那么,好吧!
父亲:拿去。但你不能超过11点1刻回家。听
见了吗?
吉尔:听见了,爸爸。
吉尔:谢谢,妈妈。
母亲:不用谢。再见。好好玩吧!
吉尔:我们总是玩得很开心的,妈妈。再见。

自学导读

1.What are you going to do this evening, Jill? 今晚你打算干什么,吉尔?
由every, this, next等词开头的时间状语前面通常不加介词。
2.I'm going to meet some friends, Dad. 我打算去看几个朋友,爸爸。
dad和mum前如没有所有格代词或名词所有格作修饰语,就特指自己的父母亲,要大写。father和mather也是如此。
3.Jill's eighteen years old, Tom. 吉尔都18岁了,汤姆。
表示"几岁",一般由基数词+ year(s) old构成。在口语中,year(s)old往往可以省去,而只用数字表示年龄。如:
She is eighteen.
她18岁。
4.That's all right. 不用谢。
当别人表示感谢时,可以作出如是回答。还可以说You're welcome/Not at all/Don't mention it。
5.Bye-bye. 再见。
非正式的告别语,语气较随便。非正式的告别语还有 So long,See you或 I'll be seeing you等。正式的告别语是 Goodbye,而夜里向人告别时用 Good night。


语法  Grammar in use
  1.反身代词
(1)当宾语和主语是同一个人时,一般需要用反身代词:
He cut himself when he was shaving2 this morning.
今天早晨刮胡子时,他把脸刮破了。
The old lady is talking to herself.
那位老妇人正在自言自语。
(2)反身代词也可与名词连用,表达"就是那个人而不是别人"的意思:
We went there ourselves.
我们自己去那儿了。
They wanted to finish the work themselves.
他们想靠自己来完成这项工作。
2.时间与日期
(1)钟点表达法
在某个钟点的1到30分钟内,我们常用 past表示,如8点20分时我们可以说twenty past eight;如果时间是在某个钟点的31分到下一个整点,我们则常用介词to,但要注意钟点及分钟的变换。如6点47分我们通常会将之换算为7点差13分,即 thirteen to seven。
以上两种情况也可以用直接读出钟点和分钟的方式来表达:
eight twenty  8点20分
six forty-seven  6点47分
表示在什么时间通常都需用介词 at:
He goes to school at 7. 30.
他7点半上学。
(2)通常使用介词 on表示星期几(如 on Monday在星期一)、一天中的某段时间(如 on Monday morning在星期一早上)、日期(如 on April 1st在4月1日)、星期几+日期(如 on Monday,April 1st在4月1日,星期一)、具体时间(如 on that day在那一天)、周年纪念日(如 on your birthday在你的生日)以及节日(如 on Christmas Day在圣诞节)等。


词汇学习  Word study
1.enjoy  v.
(1)过得快活:
She enjoyed herself in the vacation.
她假期过得愉快。
(2)乐于;喜爱:
I enjoy your company.
我乐意与你呆在一起。
(3)享有,享受:
We all enjoy our legal3 rights.
我们都享有自己的合法权利。
2.hear  v.
(1)听见:
He listened but could hear nothing.
他留神地听,但什么也没有听到。
Do you hear?
你听见了吗?
(2)倾听,认真听:
Please hear her.
请听她讲。
We'd better hear what he has to say.
我们最好还是听听他要说些什么。


练习答案  Key to written exercises
Lesson 66
A
1  I am going to see him at ten o'clock.
2  It often rains in November.
3  Where do you come from? I come from France.
4  I always go to work in the morning.
5  What's the climate4 like in your country?
6  It's cold in winter and hot in summer.
B
1  She must go to the library at 1. 15.
2  Sam and I must see the dentist at 3. 45.
3  I must type this letter at 2. 00.
4  Sam and Penny5 must see the boss6 at 1. 30.
5  George must take his medicine at 3. 15.
6  Sophie must arrive in London at 2. 30.
7  You must catch the bus at 3. 30.
8  I must arrive there at 3. 00.
9  They must come home at 2. 15.
10  I must meet Sam at 1. 45.
11  He must telephone me at 2. 45.


课堂笔记
Lesson 65 Not a baby
[词汇]
Dad n. 爸(儿语)
key n. 钥匙 adj.关键的
baby n. 婴儿
hear v. 听见
enjoy v. 玩得快活
yourself pron.你自己
ourselves pron.我们自己
mum n. 妈妈
hear 听见 [iE] <-> hair 头发 [ZE]
myself pron. 我自己
themselves pron. 他们自己
himself pron. 他自己
herself pron. 她自己
keyboard 键盘
key words 关键的话语
key point 关键点
the key to the door
the key to the front door
want 想要
want to do sth.
go abroad 出国
next year 明年
I want to go abroad next year.
help
She wants to help you.
I am going to see my friends.
I can't arrive home at ten o'clock.
I want to have the key to the front door.
Jill wants to have the key to the front door.
Can I have the key to the front door?
the key to the front door
listen 听
listening 听力
listen to
hear from sb. 收到某人的来信
I hear from my mother every week.
hear of 听说
Can you hear?
Do you hear? 你听见了吗?
speak 讲话
Do you speak English?
enjoy sth.
enjoy oneself7
enjoy doing sth.
music 音乐
I like music.
I enjoy music.
I like you.
I enjoy you.[一般不合用]
always 总是
I always enjoy myself.
They always enjoy themselves.
Jill always enjoys herself.
I enjoy reading8.
要加-ing的动词
mind, finish
mind doing sth.
finish doing sth.


[词汇·略]
come home [在家,谈及回家]
get home 到家[不论在家与否]
be home 在家
go home 回家[在外]
arrive home 到家[比较正式]
I come home at six o'clock every day.
I get home very early every day.
I can't get home so early.
The children come home from school at five o'clock.
Mr. Smith come home from work at six  o'clock.
I can't get home so early.
You must be home.
let's
Let's go home.
I arrive home at seven o'clock.
But my brother arrives home at six o'clock.
after a quarter past eleven
You must be home at half past ten.
I can get home at half past ten.
Jill is eighteen years old.
meet some friends
Jill is going to meet some friends.
She usually comes home early.
But she can't get home so early today.
So she wants to have the key to the front door.
Can I have the key to the front door?
No, you can't.
Jill is eighteen years old, she is not a baby.
give her the key
give the key to her
a quarter past eleven
after a quarter past eleven
You mustn't come home after a quarter past eleven.
Jill always enjoys herself.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 expressions 1476dfb963d54c697399a79fafa90151    
n.表情( expression的名词复数 );表示;(数学)表达式;词
参考例句:
  • ritualized expressions of grief 以例行的方式表达悲伤
  • The fashionable remarks of today often become the commonplace expressions of tomorrow. 今天的时髦话往往变成明天的陈词滥调。 来自《简明英汉词典》
2 shaving shaving    
n.剃胡子,修面;削;刨花v.修面,剃(shave的现在分词)
参考例句:
  • Mike cut himself shaving. 迈克刮胡子时把脸划破了。
  • I use a styptic pencil on shaving cuts. 我用止血笔处理刮胡子割破的伤口。
3 legal k3jy2    
adj.法律的,依照法律的,合法的,法定的,正当的
参考例句:
  • He is my legal adviser.他是我的法律顾问。
  • This is partly a political and partly a legal question.这个问题部分是政治问题,部分是法律问题。
4 climate FWnyz    
n.气候,民意状况,社会趋势,风土
参考例句:
  • Some plants will not seed in a cold climate.有些植物在寒冷的气候条件下不能结果实。
  • They have decided to remove to a warm climate.他们已决定搬到一个气候温暖的地方居住。
5 penny 0MFxu    
n.(英)便士,美分
参考例句:
  • I will not lent you a penny.我一便士都不愿借给你。
  • Sugar has risen a penny a pound.糖价每磅涨了1便士。
6 boss cRIyK    
n.老板,上司;v.指挥,控制
参考例句:
  • When the boss gets mad, leave him alone.当老板生气时,不要理他。
  • I'm my own boss.我自己当自己的老板。
7 oneself uINxC    
pron.[反身代词]自己;亲自,本人
参考例句:
  • If one wants to learn it,one must do it oneself.要想学会它就得亲自去做。
  • It is not good to think only of oneself.只为自己着想是不好的。
8 reading YiGyU    
n.阅读,知识,读物,表演,对法律条文的解释;adj.阅读的
参考例句:
  • Children learn reading and writing at school.孩子们在学校学习阅读和写作。
  • He finds pleasure in reading.他从阅读中得到乐趣。

lesson 67 The weekend
听录音,然后回答问题。What are the Johnsons going to do at the weekend?
约翰逊夫妇周末准备做什么

MRS JOHNSON:         Hullo, Mrs Williams. Were you at the butcher's?
MRS WILLIAMS:        Yes. I was. Were you at the butcher’s ,too?
MRS JOHNSON:               No, I wasn’t.   I was at the greengrocer1’s.  How’s Jimmy today?
MRS WILLIAMS:        He’s very well, thank you.
MRS JOHNSON:               Was he absent from school last week?
MRS WILLIAMS: Yes, he was. He was absent on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday. How are you all keeping?(你们身体怎么样?)
MRS JOHNSON: Very well, thank you. We’re going to spend three days in the country. We’re going to stay at my mother’s for the week-end.
MRS WILLIAMS:        Friday, Saturday and Sunday in the country! Aren’t you lucky!
New Word and expressions 生词和短语
greengrocer
n. 蔬菜水果零售商
absent
adj. 缺席的
Monday
n. 星期一
Tuesday
n. 星期二
Wednesday
n. 星期三
Thursday
n. 星期四
keep
v. (身体健康)处于(状况)
spend
v. 度过
weekend
n. 周末
Friday
n. 星期五
Saturday
n. 星期六
Sunday
n. 星期日
country
n. 乡村
lucky
adj. 幸运的
参考译文
约翰逊夫人:您好。刚才您在肉店里吗?
威廉斯夫人:是的,我在肉店里。
您也在肉店里吗?
约翰逊夫人:不, 我不是。
我在蔬菜水果店里。
吉米今天怎么样?
威廉斯夫人:他很好,谢谢您。
约翰逊夫人:上星期他没上学吧?
威廉斯夫人:是的,他没上学。他星期一、
星期二、星期三和星期四没
去上学。你们身体都好吗?
约翰逊夫人:很好,谢谢您。我们打算到
乡下去三天,在我母亲家度
周末。
威廉斯夫人:星期五、星期六和星期日在乡下
过!你们真幸运啊!

 

  自学导读
1.hundreds of, 数以百计的。
这是用来表示不定数量的复数形式。类似的结构还有thousands of(数以千计的), millions of(数以万计的)。但必须注意:说 five hundred(五百,500),six thousand(六千, 6,000),two million(两百万,200万)等时,hundred, thousand, million 这些词因为之前有具体数字而本身不加-s。
2.at the race, 观看比赛。
这里的at是"出席"、"在某场合"的意思。
3.Our friends Julie and Jack2 were there, too.我们的朋友朱莉和杰克也去了。
Julie and Jack是 Our friends的同位语。
4.car number fifteen, 第 15号车。
在表示编了号的东西时,可以用基数词表示顺序:
Lesson 67 第 67课
Page 2第 2页
Bus No. 332第 332路公共汽车
Question 10第 10个问题


语法  Grammar in use
用介词at, on和in的时间短语
(1)用介词
at的时间短语通常可表示:确切的时间(如 at 10 o' clock 10点钟时),用餐时间(如 at lunchtime午餐时),其他时刻(如 at noon中午时),节日(如 at Christmas圣诞节时),年龄(如 at the age of 27 27岁时)等。
介词at可表示地点,通常用于某个小地点之前:
at the bus-stop 在公共汽车站
at the railway station在火车站
at the butcher's在肉店
at school 在学校
at the office 在办公室
at home在家
(2)介词on用于周和月份中的任何一天之前。请参见Lessons 65~66语法部分。
(3)用介词in的时间短语通常可表示:一天中的某段时间(如 in the evening在晚上),月份(如 in March在 3月),年份(如 in 1997在 1997年),季节(如 in spring在春天),世纪(如 in the 20th century在20世纪),节日(如in Easter week在复活节那一周),时期(如 in the holidays在假期里)等。


词汇学习  Word study
1. stand  v.
(1)站立,起立:
We were standing3 on the right.
我们当时站在右边。
They stood because there were no seats.
没有座位,所以他们只好站着。
(2)(建筑物)直立,耸立;(植物)直立生长:
The white house stands on a hill.
那幢白色的房子耸立在小山上。
Look at the corn standing in the fields!
瞧那长在地里的玉米!
2.finish  n.
(1)结束;最后阶段(或部分):
The finish of the race was very exciting.
比赛的最后一个阶段十分激动人心。
At eleven the dinner finally dragged to a finish.
宴会拖到11点才结束。
(2)完美,完善;(举止等)优雅:
His dancing lacks finish.
他的舞跳得并不完美。
We hoped that four years of college would give him some finish.
我们希望4年的大学教育会使他有些教养。

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 greengrocer hrMzq5    
n.蔬菜水果商,菜贩
参考例句:
  • I must go to the greengrocer's.我还得到蔬菜水果店去一下。
  • The greengrocer unloaded the potatoes from the van.蔬菜水果商把土豆从车上卸下来。
2 jack 53Hxp    
n.插座,千斤顶,男人;v.抬起,提醒,扛举;n.(Jake)杰克
参考例句:
  • I am looking for the headphone jack.我正在找寻头戴式耳机插孔。
  • He lifted the car with a jack to change the flat tyre.他用千斤顶把车顶起来换下瘪轮胎。
3 standing 2hCzgo    
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。




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