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新概念英语第一册 lesson 41 - lesson 44  

2016-01-17 21:50:59|  分类: 【基础英语】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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新概念英语第一册 lesson 41 - lesson  44 - d.s - D.S的个人主页
 
Lesson 41      Penny1’s bag
                          彭妮的包
听录音,然后回答问题。Who is the tin of tobacco2 for?   那听烟丝是给谁买的?

Sam: Is that bag heavy, Penny?
Penny: Not very.
Sam: Here! Put it on this chair. What’s in it?
Penny: A piece of cheese. A loaf of bread. A bar of soap. A bar of chocolate. A bottle of milk.
A pound of sugar. Half a pound of coffee. A quarter of a pound of tea. And a tin of tobacco.
Sam: Is that tin of tobacco for me?
Penny: Well, it’s certainly not for me!


New Word and expressions 生词和短语
cheese 
乳酪,干酪n. 
bread 
面包 n.
soap 
肥皂 n.
chocolate 
巧克力 n.
sugar 
糖 n. 
coffee 
咖啡 n.
tea 
茶 n. 
tobacco 
烟草,烟丝 n. 

参考译文
萨姆:那个提包重吗,彭妮?
彭妮:不太重。
萨姆:放在这儿。把它放在这把椅子上。里面是什么东西?
彭妮:一块乳酪、一块面包、一块肥皂、一块巧克力、一瓶牛奶、一磅糖、半磅咖啡、1/4 磅茶叶和一听烟丝。
萨姆:那听烟丝是给我的吗?
彭妮:噢,当然不会给我的!

 

自学导读
1.Not  very.不太重。
是It is not very heavy的省略形式。口语中回答问题时,常把主语、动词和宾语都省略,只剩一个副词、一个副词词组或一个动词不定式短语等.
2.Put it on this chair.把它放在这把椅子上。
it指bag。在没有扶手的椅子上用on,在有扶手的椅子上用in。如:
sit on a chair坐在椅子上
sit in an armchair 坐在扶手椅里
3.cheese, bread, soap, chocolate, milk, sugar, coffee, tea, tobacco
这些词都是不可数名词。不可数名词前面不能加a或an,也没有复数形式。如果想表示"一些"之意,可用some,any等词。some用于肯定句,any用于否定句和疑问句。(可参见Lessons 27~28语法部分。)
如果要表示"一块"、"一张"、"一条"等,需加如a piece of这表示数量的短语。本课表示数量的短语还有:
a loaf of  一个
a bar of  一条
a bottle of  一瓶
a pound of  一磅
half a  pound of  半磅
a quarter of  四分之一
a tin of  一听
4.a loaf of bread,一个面包。
指西餐中切成片吃的整个面包。
5.a bar of chocolate,一块巧克力。
指一长条巧克力糖。这种形状的巧克力有时也可称为一块巧克力。


语法  Grammar in use
there+be结构(3)
当there+be后跟单数名词或不可数名词时,动词be的一般现在时形式为is;当后面跟复数名词时,动词用are。如果后跟几个并列名词,而第一个名词是单数,动词仍用is。there+be后面的名词是句子的主语。如:
There is a hammer on the bookcase.
书箱上有个鎯头。(单数名词)
There is some tea in the cup.
杯子里有些茶水。(不可数名词)
There are three bottles of milk on the table.
桌子上有3瓶牛奶。(不可数名词,用复数量词修饰)
There is a pen, two books and a knife on the desk.
课桌上有一枝钢笔、两本书和一把小刀。(第一个并列名词是单数)
也请参见Lessons 19~20以及Lessons 27~28语法部分。


词汇学习  Word study
1.bar  n.
(1)条;块:
He has just had a  chocolate bar.
他刚刚吃了一块巧克力。
(2)(门、窗的)闩;杆:
He is now behind bars.
他现在被关在监狱里。(bar指窗上装有铁栅栏,behind
bars是一种非正式固定用语,意为in prison,关在监狱里。)
(3)酒吧(间):
The bar is very crowded.
酒吧里人很拥挤。
2.pound  n.
(1)磅;常衡磅(分成16盎司,等于0.4536千克,略作1b.);金衡磅(分成12盎司,等于0.3732千克,略作1b. t.):
It weighs 15 pounds.
它的重量为15磅。
Give me a pound of sugar, please.
请给我1磅糖。
(2)英镑(英国货币单位,简写为£,全称为pound sterling):
The shirt costs  me £ 20.
买这件衬衣花了我20镑。
Half a pound of coffee costs one pound.
半磅咖啡的价格是一英镑。


练习答案  Key to written exercises
Lesson 42
A
1  Is there any bread in the kitchen?
2  There's a  loaf on the table.
3  There's some coffee on the table, too.
4  There isn't any chocolate on the table.
5  There's a spoon on that dish.
6  Is there any soap on the dressing3 table?
B
1.Is there a spoon here?
   Yes, there is. There's one on the plate.
2.Is there a tie here?
   Yes, there is. There's one on the chair.
3.Is there any milk here?
   Yes, there is. There's some on the table.
4.Is there a hammer here?
   Yes, there is. There's one on the bookcase.
5.Is there any tea here?
   Yes, there is. There's some on the table.
6.Is there a vase4 here?
   Yes, there is. There's one on the radio.
7.Is there a suit here?
   Yes, there is. There's one in the wardrobe5.
8.Is there any tobacco here?
   Yes, there is. There's some in the tin.
9.Is there any chocolate here?
   Yes, there is. There's some on the desk.
10.Is there any cheese here?
    Yes, there is. There's some on the plate.


课堂笔记
Lesson 41 Penny's bag
新单词:cheese、bread、soap、chocolate、sugar、coffee、tea、tobacco
One, two , three, cheese!
Who moved my cheese?
Steamed bread 馒头
long noodle / dumping6
Life is just like a box of chocolate. You will never know what you'll get from it.
Don't let others feel better than you.
sugar:(方、白砂)糖
sweet:(英式)糖果
candy:(美式)糖果
sugar candy:冰糖
sweet heart:亲爱的
dear:亲爱的
sugar report:love letter
sugar daddy:
coffee:咖啡
coffin7:棺材
black coffee:纯咖啡
white coffee:(加牛奶的)咖啡
coffee bean:咖啡豆
coffee bar:咖啡吧
coffee house:咖啡吧
black tea:红茶
green tea:绿茶
scented(jasmine) tea:(茉莉)花茶
chamomlle tea:菊花茶
milk tea:奶茶
brick8 tea:砖茶
tea break、coffee break、make the tea:沏茶


语法
不可数名词:
1)不可数名词在表示量的概念时也叫部分词。
a piece of paper / bread / chalk
a sheet of paper/ a kilo of water
two pieces of paper / three sheets of paper / five kilos of water
2)不可数名词在表示量的概念时要用某种容器。
a bottle of beer / a glass of milk
five bottles of beer / six glasses of milk
3)用容器表示可数名词时,可数名词用复数
a box of pens


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  


1 penny 0MFxu    
n.(英)便士,美分
参考例句:
  • I will not lent you a penny.我一便士都不愿借给你。
  • Sugar has risen a penny a pound.糖价每磅涨了1便士。
2 tobacco wJ2zq    
n.烟草;烟草制品;抽烟
参考例句:
  • Tobacco is considered by some to be an evil.烟草被有些人认为是一种祸害.
  • A large amount of money is spent on tobacco every year.每年在烟草上花去大量的钱.
3 dressing 1uOzJG    
n.(食物)调料;包扎伤口的用品,敷料
参考例句:
  • Don't spend such a lot of time in dressing yourself.别花那么多时间来打扮自己。
  • The children enjoy dressing up in mother's old clothes.孩子们喜欢穿上妈妈旧时的衣服玩。
4 vase mKkzV    
n.花瓶,瓶
参考例句:
  • She knocked the vase off by accident.她不小心把花瓶打掉了。
  • I saw the vase in the window of a shop.我在一家商店的橱窗里看见了这个花瓶。
5 wardrobe HMPzn    
n.衣橱,衣室,全部衣服
参考例句:
  • The wardrobe is in the way.大立柜挡住了道。
  • Then put these clothes in the wardrobe.然后把这些衣服放进衣橱里去。
6 dumping puDzO2    
n.倾销v.倾倒( dump的现在分词 );丢下;随便堆放;释放
参考例句:
  • a ban on the dumping of radioactive waste at sea 禁止向海里倾倒放射性废物
  • The dumping of foreign cotton blocked outlets for locally grown cotton. 外国棉花的倾销阻滞了当地生产的棉花的销路。 来自《简明英汉词典》
7 coffin XWRy7    
n.棺材,灵柩
参考例句:
  • When one's coffin is covered,all discussion about him can be settled.盖棺论定。
  • The coffin was placed in the grave.那口棺材已安放到坟墓里去了。
8 brick 3sQzu    
n.砖;vt.用砖砌,用砖堵住
参考例句:
  • She stared blankly at the brick wall in front of her.她面无表情地瞪着面前的砖墙。
  • I bought a brick of ice cream for my daughter.我给女儿买了块冰砖。


Lesson 43     Hurry up!
                          快点!
听录音,然后回答问题。How do you know Sam doesn't make the tea very often? 
你怎么知道萨姆不常沏茶?

Penny: Can you make the tea, Sam?
Sam: Yes, of course I can, Penny1Is there any water in this kettle2(水壶)?
Penny: Yes, there is.
Sam: Where’s the tea?
Penny: It’s over there, behind the teapot. Can you see it?
Sam: I can see the teapot, but I can’t see the tea.
Penny: There it is! It’s in front of you.
Sam: Ah yes, I can see it now. Where are the cups?
Penny: There are some in the cupboard(碗橱). Can you find them?
Sam: Yes. Here they are.
Penny: Hurry up, Sam. The kettle’s boiling.


New Word and expressions 生词和短语
of course 
当然
kettle 
水壶 n.  
behind 
在……后面prep.
teapot 
茶壶n. 
now 
现在,此刻adv.
find 
 找到 v.
boil  沸腾,开v.


参考译文
彭妮:你会沏茶吗,萨姆?
萨姆:会的,我当然会,彭妮。这水壶里有水吗?
彭妮:有水。
萨姆:茶叶在哪儿?
彭妮:就在那儿,茶壶后面。
你看见了吗?
萨姆:茶壶我看见了,但茶叶没看到。
彭妮:那不是么! 就在你眼前。
萨姆:噢,是啊,我现在看到了。茶杯在哪儿呢?
彭妮:碗橱里有几只。
你找得到吗?
萨姆:找得到。就在这儿呢。
彭妮:快,萨姆。水开了!

 

自学导读
1. Can you make the tea, Sam? 你会沏茶吗,萨姆?
make the tea,沏茶。句中can是英语中最常见的几个情态助动词之一,请参见本课语法部分。
2.behind,在……的后面。
与in front of(在……前面)互为反义词。
3.The  kettle's  boiling!水开了!
这里的kettle =water in the kettle。用容器来指代容器内的东西是一种修辞格,叫借代(metonymy/i'mtnmi/)。
语法  Grammar in use
can(1)
can是英语中最常用的几个情态助动词之一,它本身不表示动作,只表示体力或脑力方面的能力或客观可能等。它必须与其他动词连用,本身没有性和数的变化。如:
I can see some coffee on the table.
我能看到桌子上的一些咖啡。
Can Sam read this book?
萨姆看得懂这本书吗?

can的否定形式为can  not, cannot或can't(省略式):
I can't see any coffee.
我看不见什么咖啡。
He can't find the cups.
他找不到杯子。


词汇学习  Word study
1.find  v.
(1)找到;寻得:
It is most important to find a suitable3 person for the job.
找到一位适合做这项工作的人是至关重要的。
Where are the cups? I can't find them.
杯子放在哪儿


练习答案  Key to written exercises
Lesson 44
A
1  I can see some spoons, but I can't see any knives.
2  I can see some hammers, but I can't see any boxes.
3  I can see some coffee, but I can't see any loaves of bread.
4  I can see some cupboards, but I can't see any shelves.
5  I can see Mr. Jones and Mr. Brown, but I can't see their wives.
6  I can see some cups, but I can't see any dishes.
7  I can see some cars, but I can't see any buses.
B
1.Is there any milk here?
   Yes, there is. There's some in front of the door.
2.Is there any soap here?
   Yes, there is. There's some on the cupboard.
3.Are there any newspapers here?
   Yes, there are. There are some behind that vase4.
4.Is there any water here?
   Yes, there is. There's some in those glasses.
5.Is there any tea here?
   Yes, there is. There's some in those cups.
6.Are there any cups here?
   Yes, there are. There are some in front of that kettle.
7.Is there any chocolate here?

   Yes, there is. There's some behind that book.
8.Are there any teapots here?
   Yes, there are. There are some in that cupboard.
9.Are there any cars here?
   Yes, there are. There are some in front of that building.
10.Is there any coffee here?
   Yes, there is. There's some on the table.


课堂笔记
Lesson 43 Hurry up! 快点!
新单词:of course、kettle、behind、teapot、now、find、boil
of course / certainly / sure
in front of:表示方位
before:表示时间
behind:表示方位
after:表示时间
run after
find:找到(结果)
find out:(抽象东西)查明事情的真相
look for:寻找的动作 We are looking for a lost pen. But it is not sure you can find it.
search:搜索
discover:(重新经过努力)发现

invent:发明
explore:探索(找到什么东西一切不可预测)


复习语法
情态动词
must
1.本身具有实际意义的助动词
2.不能单独做谓语,只能后边跟动词原形
3.没有人称和数词的变化
4.否定句在情态动词后加not,一般疑问句则把情态动词提前
can / can't
I can make the tea.
I can't make the tea.
Can you make the tea?
Yes, I can.
No, I can't.
What must I do?
What can you do?



点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  


1 penny 0MFxu    
n.(英)便士,美分
参考例句:
  • I will not lent you a penny.我一便士都不愿借给你。
  • Sugar has risen a penny a pound.糖价每磅涨了1便士。
2 kettle t3Hyd    
n.(浇水用的)水壶;水壶,水锅
参考例句:
  • The kettle is boiling.水壶里的水开了。
  • She put the kettle on the gas stove.她将水壶放在煤气炉上。
3 suitable QUnzl    
adj.合适的,适当的,适宜的
参考例句:
  • Tomorrow will be quite suitable.明天挺合适。
  • Is she suitable for the job?她适于做这工作吗?
4 vase mKkzV    
n.花瓶,瓶
参考例句:
  • She knocked the vase off by accident.她不小心把花瓶打掉了。
  • I saw the vase in the window of a shop.我在一家商店的橱窗里看见了这个花瓶。


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