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新概念英语第一册 lesson 45 - lesson 48  

2016-01-17 21:58:01|  分类: 【基础英语】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Lesson 45 The boss's letter

老板的信

Listen to the tape then answer this question. Why can't Pamela type the letter?
听录音,然后回答问题。帕梅拉为什么无法打信?
THE BOSS: Can you come here a minute
please, Bob?
BOB: Yes, sir?
THE BOSS: Where's Pamela?
BOB: She's next door.
She's in her office, sir.
THE BOSS: Can she type
this letter for me?
Ask her please.
BOB: Yes, sir.
BOB: Can you type this letter
for the boss please, Pamela?
PAMELA: Yes, of course I can.
BOB: Here you are.
PAMELA: Thank you, Bob.
PAMELA: Bob!
BOB: Yes?
What's the matter.
PAMELA: I can't type this letter.
PAMELA: I can't read it!
The boss's handwriting is
terrible!
New Word and expressions 生词和短语
can
modal verb 能够
boss
n. 老板,上司
minute
n. 分(钟)
ask
v. 请求,要求
handwriting
n. 书写
terrible
adj. 糟糕的,可怕的
参考译文
老 板:请你来一下好吗?鲍勃?
鲍 勃: 什么事,先生?
老 板:帕梅拉在哪儿?
鲍 勃: 她在隔壁,在她的办公室里,先生。
老 板:她能为我打一下这封信吗?请问她。
鲍 勃: 好的,先生。
鲍 勃: 请你把这封信给老板打一下可以吗,
帕梅拉?
帕梅拉:可以,当然可以。
鲍 勃: 给你这信。
帕梅拉:谢谢你,鲍勃。
帕梅拉:鲍勃!
鲍 勃: 怎么了?怎么回事?
帕梅拉:我打不了这封信。
帕梅拉:我看不懂这封信,
老板的书写太糟糕了!

 

自学导读
1.Can you come here a minute please, Bob? 请你来一下好吗,鲍勃?
句中的 a minute是时间状语,表示"一会儿"、"片刻"。又如:
Wait a minute, please.
请稍等一会儿。
2.She's next door. 她在隔壁。
这里 next door起副词作用,作表语。
语法  Grammar in use
can(2)
can是情态助动词,表示"能力"。情态助动词的否定式由情态助动词加not构成;疑问句中将情态助动词置于句首,后接句子的主语和主要谓语动词。又如:
Can Penny and Jane wash the dishes?  彭尼和简会洗盘子吗?
Yes, they can. 是的,她们会。
can本身没有人称或数方面的变化。它还可以与疑问词一起用在特殊疑问句中。如:
What can Penny and Jane do? 彭尼和简会干什么?
They can wash the dishes.她们会洗盘子。


词汇学习  Word study
1.lift  v.
(1)提;抬;举:
Can you lift this heavy suitcase?
你能提起这个沉重的衣箱吗?
The elderly lady lifted her eyes from the book.
那位年长的女士从书本上抬起眼睛。
(2)提高;搞高……地位:
This polity lifted Chinese exports of silk.
这项政策提高了中国丝绸的出口量。
2.make  v.
(1)制作;创造:
She is going to make a very big birthday cake.
她准备做一个非常大的生日蛋糕。
Hollywood can make the most famous film stars in the world.
好莱坞可以造就世界上最著名的影星。
(2)产生,引起,导致:
You have made a serious mistake.
你犯了一个严重的错误。
Don't make so much noise, please!
请别这么大肆喧闹!
(3)整理;料理;准备:
She is now making the bed for a guest.
她现在正为客人铺床。
The coffee is made.
咖啡煮好了。
3.terrible  adj.
(1)可怕的;骇人的:
This is a picture of terrible new weapons.
这是一张可怕的新式武器的图片。
(2)困难的;费劲的:
Who can accomplish this terrible task?
谁能完成这项艰难的任务?
(3)极度的;非常严重的:
I've got a terrible headache.
我头疼得厉害。
(4)<口>糟透的;很蹩脚的:
She is terrible at maths.
她的数学很蹩脚。


练习答案  Key to written exercises
Lesson 46
A
1  They can type these letters.
2  She can make the bed.
3  You can swim across the river.
4  We can come now.
5  We can run across the park.
6  He can sit on the grass.
7  I can give him some chocolate.
B
1  Can you type this letter?
Yes, I can.
What can you do?
I can type this letter.
2  Can Penny wait for the bus?
Yes, she can.
What can she do?
She can wait for the bus.
3  Can Penny and Jane wash the dishes?
Yes, they can.
What can they do?
They can wash the dishes.
4  Can George take these flowers to her?
Yes, he can.
What can he do?
He can take these flowers to her.
5  Can the cat drink its milk?
Yes, it can.
What can it do?
It can drink its milk.
6  Can you and Tom paint this bookcase?
Yes, we can.
What can you and Tom do?
We can paint this bookcase.
7  Can you see that aeroplane?
Yes, I can.
What can you do?
I can see that aeroplane.
8  Can Jane read this book?
Yes, she can.
What can she do?
She can read this book.


课堂笔记
Lesson 45 The boss's letter 老板的信
新单词:can、boss、minute、ask、handwriting、terrible
boss:(大的实体)的头
manager:经理
owner:(小商店)的店主
leader:领袖
head:首脑 head hunter:猎头
lord:统治者、主(耶酥)
landlord1:地主
master:主人
lady:对女性有礼貌的称呼,也可代表有权力的女性
chief:部落、族长、首领
chief executive2 officer
year:年
month:月
season:季
week:星期
day:天
hour:小时
minute:分钟
second:秒
quarter:一刻钟、季度
decade:十年
century:百年、世纪
a minute:一会儿
ask:要求、请求
request:书面体、更为正式的请求
beg:乞求
ask+名词或代词(宾格)
ask her / ask them
ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做事(动词不定式)
The boss is going to ask Pamela to type a letter for him.
The teacher is going to ask the students to sweep the floor.



点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  


1 landlord H2sxF    
n.地主,房东,(旅店)店主
参考例句:
  • He is the landlord of this pub.他是这家酒店的店主。
  • He used to be a long - term labourer for a landlord.他早先给地主扛过长活。
2 executive Ymlxs    
adj.执行的,行政的;n.执行者,行政官,经理
参考例句:
  • A good executive usually gets on well with people.一个好的高级管理人员通常与人们相处得很好。
  • He is a man of great executive ability.他是个具有极高管理能力的人。


lesson 47 A cup of coffee
听录音,然后回答问题。
How does Ann like her coffee?
安想要什么样的咖啡?

MRS YOUNG:        Do you like coffee, Mrs Price?
MRS PRICE:        Yes, I do.
MRS YOUNG:        Do you want a cup?
MRS PRICE:        Yes, please. Mrs Young.
MRS YOUNG:        Do you want any sugar?
MRS PRICE:        Yes, please.
MRS YOUNG:        Do you want any milk?
MRS PRICE:        No, thank you. I don't like milk in my coffee.
I like black coffee.
MRS YOUNG:       Do you like biscuits?
MRS PRICE:        Yes, I do.
MRS YOUNG:        Do you want one?
MRS PRICE:        Yes, please.
New Word and expressions 生词和短语
like
v. 喜欢,想要
want
v. 想
参考译文
克里斯廷:你喜欢咖啡吗,安?
安:是的,我喜欢。
克里斯廷:你想要一杯吗?
安:好的,请来一杯,克里斯廷。
克里斯廷:你要放些糖吗?
安:好的,请放一些。
克里斯廷:要放些牛奶吗?
安:不了,谢谢。我不喜欢咖啡中放牛奶,我喜欢咖啡。
克里斯廷:你喜欢饼干吗?
安:是的,我喜欢。
克里斯廷:你想要一块吗?
安:好的,请来一块。

 

自学导读
课文详注  Further notes on the text
1.Yes, I do. 是的,我喜欢。
是一句肯定的简略回答。如果是否定的回答,则应为No, I don't. I like…和 I don't like…这两个句型是分别表示"我喜欢
/想要……"和"我不喜欢/想要……"的惯常用法。
2.black coffee, 不加牛奶或咖啡伴侣的清咖啡。
加牛奶的咖啡叫 white coffee. black在有些搭配中不译为黑色的,如:
black tea 红茶
3.序数词 1st~12th
1st----first                2nd----second             3rd----third
4th----fourth            5th----fifth                  6th----sixth
7th----seventh           8th----eighth                9th----ninth
10th----tenth             11th----eleventh           12th----twelfth
英语中序数词必须与定冠词(the)连用。虽然有时不在形式上表现出来,在朗读的时候也必须加上the。如:the 1st month (第1个月),the twelfth century(12世纪)。
语法  Grammar in use
一般现在时(1)
一般现在时可用以陈述现在时段内发生或存在的事件、动作或行为。这些事件、动作或情景说不定会无限地延续下去。但实际上,我们的意思则是在说"这是现在存在着的状况"。一般现在时还可以表示普遍真理以及习惯性的动作。如:
I like black coffee.
我喜欢喝清咖啡。
I don't want any milk in my tea.
我不想给我的茶中加什么牛奶。
My father works1 in a bank.
我父亲在一家银行工作。
I get up at 7.
我7点钟起床。
The earth goes round the sun.
地球围着太阳转。
词汇学习  Word study
1.like  v.
(1)喜欢:
I like that sweet girl.
我喜欢那个可爱的姑娘。
John likes Chinese food.
约翰喜欢吃中国菜。
(2)想要;希望有:
Would you like some coffee?
你要不要来点咖啡?
How does Ann like her coffee?
安想喝什么样的咖啡?
2.want  v.
(1)想要;希望:
I want some sugar.
我想要些糖。
I want you to try.
我希望你试试。
(2)需要:
Those drooping2 flowers want water.
那些正在枯萎的花朵需要水分。
My leather shoes want cleaning.
我的皮鞋需要擦擦了。


练习答案  Key to written exercises
Lesson 48
A
1  The aeroplane3 is flying over the village.
2  The ship is going under the bridge.
3  The children are swimming across the river.
4  Two cats are running along the wall.
5  The boy is jumping off the branch.
6  The girl is sitting between her mother and her father.
7  The teacher is standing4 in front of the blackboard.
8  The blackboard is behind the teacher.
B
1  Yes, I do.
I like honey, but I don't want any.
2  Yes, I do.
I like bananas, but I don't want one.
3  Yes, I do.
I like jam, but I don't want any.
4  Yes, I do.
I like oranges, but I don't want one.
5  Yes, I do.
I like ice cream, but I don't want any.
6  Yes, I do.
I like whisky5, but I don't want any.
7  Yes, I do.
I like apples, but I don't want one.
8  Yes, I do.
I like wine, but I don't want any.
9  Yes, I do.
I like biscuits, but I don't want one.
10  Yes, I do.
I like beer, but I don't want any.


课堂笔记
Lesson 47 A cup of coffee
新单词:like、want、fresh、egg、butter、pure、honey、ripe、banana、jam、sweet、orange、Scotch whisky、choice、apple、wine、beer、blackboard
like:喜欢(人、东西)
love:爱
fancy:(不正式的用语中)喜欢
adore:热爱(程度较深)
care for:喜欢(更多在书面用语中)
be fond of:喜欢
be keen6 on:喜欢
take to:开始喜欢
cherish:珍惜(长时间喜欢)
like prep. 像


重点语法:
一般现在时:
1.表示现在的事实或是状态。
It is very hot today.
She lives in Paris.
2.表示现在的习惯或反复的动作。
She gets up at 7 o'clock every day.
3.代替一般将来时。
Do you come tomorrow?
结构:
1.主语+be动词 疑问句要把be动词提前,主语放后;
2.主语+动词原形 否定句要借助于don't 第三人称单数要借助于doesn't 疑问句do加主语,后面是动词原形;does加主语,后面是动词原形
(回答时:be问be答、do问do答、does问does答、can问can答――用什么问用什么答)
I like music.
I don't like music.
Do you like music.
Yes, I do. / No, I don't.
What do you like?
动词加s(es)规则:
一般动词直接加-s
辅音字母加y结尾,要变y为i加es
s, x, sh, ch, z结尾的单词加-es变化(如:wash、pass、fix、watch、buzz)
频率副词:
often
sometimes
always
usually
never
1.在句子中用在be动词之后。
2.用在行为动词之前。
3.如果是否定句或是疑问句用在助动词和行为动词之间。
4.为表示强调频率副词可以放在句首或者是句尾。
表示时间的词:
一天中的一段时间
in the morning
in the afternoon
at night
every引导的词:every year、every day、every month、every Monday、every Sunday、every week


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 works ieuzIh    
n.作品,著作;工厂,活动部件,机件
参考例句:
  • We expect writers to produce more and better works.我们期望作家们写出更多更好的作品。
  • The novel is regarded as one of the classic works.这篇小说被公认为是最优秀的作品之一。
2 drooping drooping    
adj. 下垂的,无力的 动词droop的现在分词
参考例句:
  • The drooping willows are waving gently in the morning breeze. 晨风中垂柳袅袅。
  • The branches of the drooping willows were swaying lightly. 垂柳轻飘飘地摆动。
3 aeroplane qKLyf    
n.(英)飞机 (=airplane)
参考例句:
  • I can see that aeroplane,but I can't see a bird.我能看见那架飞机,但是小鸟我就看不见了。
  • The aeroplane was flying a few feet above the sea.飞机正在距海面几英尺的低空飞行。
4 standing 2hCzgo    
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
5 whisky QMaza    
n.威士忌酒
参考例句:
  • I'm sure this whisky has been watered down.我敢肯定这瓶威士忌掺过水了。
  • She poured herself a large tot of whisky.她给自己倒了一大杯威士忌。
6 keen nRfzj    
adj.热心的;敏锐的;激烈的;锋利的
参考例句:
  • There is keen competition between the two motorcar firms.两家汽车公司之间存在着激烈的竞争。
  • The children are mad keen to go to the zoo.孩子们非常想去动物园。


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