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新概念英语第一册 lesson 121 - lesson 124  

2016-01-18 01:46:02|  分类: 【基础英语】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Lesson 121 The man in the hat
听录音,然后回答问题。
Listen to the tape then answer this question. Why didn't Caroline recognize the customer straight away?
为什么卡罗琳没有马上认出那位顾客?

Customer:       I bought two expensive dictionaries here half an hour ago, but I forgot to take them with me.
Manager:   Who served you, sir?
Customer:   The lady who is standing1 behind the counter.
Manager:   Which books did you buy?
Customer:   The books which are on the counter.
Manager:   Did you serve this gentleman half an hour ago, Miss Roberts?
He says he’s the man who bought these books.
Miss Roberts:  I can’t remember, sir. The man whom I served was wearing a hat.
Manager:   Have you got a hat, sir?
Customer:   Yes, I have.
Manager:   Would you put it on, please?
Customer:   All right.
Manager:        Is this the man that you served, Miss Roberts?
Miss Roberts:   Yes, sir. I recognize him now.
New Word and expressions 生词和短语
customer
n. 顾客
forget (forgot, forgotten)
v. 忘记
manager
n. 经理
serve
v. 照应,服务,接待
counter
n. 柜台
recognize
v. 认出
参考译文
顾 客:半小时以前我在这里买了两本很
贵的辞典,但是我忘了拿走。
经 理:是谁接待您的,先生?
顾 客:站在柜台后面的那位女士。
经 理:您买的是两本什么书?
顾 客:就是柜台上的那两本。
经 理:卡罗琳,半小时前你接待过这位先生
吗?他说他就是买这两本书的人。
卡罗琳:我记不起来了。我接待的那个人戴着
一顶帽子。
经 理:先生,您有帽子吗?
顾 客:有的,我有帽子。
经 理:请您把帽子戴上好吗?
顾 客:好吧。
经 理:卡罗琳,
这就是你接待过的那个人吗?
卡罗琳:是他。我现在认出他来了。

 

  自学导读
1.…but I forgot to take them with me.……但是我忘了拿走。
forget to do sth.表示“忘了做某事”,them指两本字典。
2.put it on,戴上它。
这里的 it指 a hat,以避免重复。 put on是“戴上”、“穿上”的意思。如果它的宾语是一个名词,这个名词可放在 put on之后,也可放在put和on之间。如果是代词,就必须放在put和on 之间。如:
Put on your coat./Put your coat on.
穿上外衣。
但只能说:
Put it on.
把它穿上。


 语法  Grammar in use
定语从句
定语从句像形容词一样起修饰作用,但位于所修饰的名词之后。定语从句由关系代词引导,紧跟在它所修饰的成分后面。关系代词 who,whom与 that修饰人,which与 that修饰东西。关系代词指代从句的主语或宾语,同时又充当连接词,把从句和主句连接起来。请看例句:
(1)
关系代词作从句的主语(who/which/that):
The dog which/that is carrying the basket is mine.
叼着篮子的那只狗是我的。
He's the porter who/that carried my suitcase.
他就是那个扛着我的衣箱的搬运工。
(2)关系代词作从句的宾语(whom/that/which):
They're the windows which/that the children broke yesterday.
这些就是孩子们昨天打碎的窗户。
She's the lady whom I served yesterday.
她就是我昨天服务过的那位女士。


词汇学习  Word study
1.recognize  v.
(1)认出;认识:
I recognize him now.
我现在认出他来了。
Can you recognize this tune2?
你能听出这支曲调吗?
(2)承认;确认:
I recognize that he is more capable than I am.
我承认他比我更有能力。
They recognized Richard as his lawful3 heir4.
他们确认理查德为他的合法继承人。
Are British medical qualifications recognized in other European countries?
英国的医生执照在欧洲其他国家能否得到承认?
2.serve  v.
(1)服务;接待;侍候:
Are you being served, sir?
先生,有人为您服务吗?
A young waiter served them.
一位年轻的侍者侍候他们进餐。
(2)供应;摆出(食物或饮料等):
What time is breakfast served in this hotel?
这个饭店里什么时候供应早餐?
Serve it to the ladies first.
把它先端给女士们。
(3)为……服务/服役;任职:
The old cook has served the family for 30 years.
这位老厨师已为这家干了30年了。
He  began to serve in the Navy in 1960.
他从1960年起开始在海军服役。


 练习答案  Key to written exercises
Lesson 122
A
1  This is the car which the mechanic repaired yesterday.
2  He is the man whom I invited to the party.
3  These are the things which I bought yesterday.
4  He is the man who came here last week.
5  He is the policeman who caught the thieves.
6  She is the nurse who looked after me.
7  She is the woman whom I met at the party.
8  I am the person who wrote to you.
B
1  Who met him? That woman?
Yes, she's the woman who met him.
2  Who sat there? That man?
Yes, he's the man who sat there.
3  Who made it? That woman?
Yes, she's the woman who made it.
4  Who read it? That man?
Yes, he's the man who read it.
5  Who shut it? That man?
Yes, he's the man who shut it.
6  Who took it? That woman?
Yes, she's the woman who took it.
7  Who told me? That man?
Yes, he's the man who told me.
8  Who saw me? That woman?
Yes, she's the woman who saw me.
C
1  Whom did you see? That man?
Yes, he's the man whom I saw.
2  Whom did you telephone? That woman?
Yes, she's the woman whom I telephoned.
3  Whom did you invite? That man?
Yes, he's the man whom I invited.
4  Whom did you take to the cinema? That man?
Yes, he's the man whom I took to the cinema.
5  Whom did you find in the garden? That man?
Yes, he's the man whom I found in the garden.
6  Whom did you drive to London? That woman?
Yes, she's the woman whom I drove to London.
7  Whom did you hear? That woman?
Yes, she's the woman whom I heard.
8  Whom did you remember? That man?
Yes, he's the man whom I remembered.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 standing 2hCzgo    
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
2 tune NmnwW    
n.调子;和谐,协调;v.调音,调节,调整
参考例句:
  • He'd written a tune,and played it to us on the piano.他写了一段曲子,并在钢琴上弹给我们听。
  • The boy beat out a tune on a tin can.那男孩在易拉罐上敲出一首曲子。
3 lawful ipKzCt    
adj.法律许可的,守法的,合法的
参考例句:
  • It is not lawful to park in front of a hydrant.在消火栓前停车是不合法的。
  • We don't recognised him to be the lawful heir.我们不承认他为合法继承人。
4 heir 3dVxj    
n.继承人,接班人
参考例句:
  • The King's eldest son is the heir to the throne.国王的长子是王位的继承人。
  • We don't recognised him to be the lawful heir.我们不承认他为合法继承人。

Lesson 123 A trip to Australia
听录音,然后回答问题。Who is the man with the beard1?
那个长着络腮胡子的人是谁?

Bill:    Look, Scott. This is a photograph I took during my trip to Australia.
Bob:   Let me see it, Bill.
Bob:    This is a good photograph. Who are these people?
Bill:   They’re people I met during the trip.
Bill:   That’s the ship we traveled on.
Bob:    What a beautiful ship!
Bob:   Who’s this?
Bill:   That’s the man I told you about. Remember?
Bob:   Ah yes. The one who offered you a job in Australia.
Bill:   That’s right.
Bob:   Who’s this?
Bill:   Guess!
Bob:   It’s not you, is it?
Bill:   That’s right.
Bill:   I grew a beard during the trip, but I shaved3 it off when I came home.
Bob:   Why did you shave2 it off?
Bill:   My wife didn’t like it!
New Word and expressions4 生词和短语
during
prep.在……期间
trip
n. 旅行
travel
v. 旅行
offer
v. 提供
job
n. 工作
guess
v. 猜
grow (grew, grown)
v. 长,让……生长
beard
n. (下巴上的)胡子,络腮胡子
参考译文
迈 克:看,这是我到澳大利来旅行时
拍的一张照片。
斯科特:让我看看,迈克。
斯科特:这是一张很好的照片。这些人是谁。
迈 克:他们是我旅行时认识的人。
迈 克:这是我们所乘的那条船。
斯科特:多漂亮的船啊!
斯科特:这是谁?
迈 克:这就是我跟你说过的那个人。
还记得吗?
斯科特:啊,记得。就是在澳大利亚给你工作
的那个人。
迈 克:对。
斯科特:这是谁?
迈 克:你猜!
斯科特:这不是你,对吗?
迈 克:不,是我。
迈 克:我在旅行时留了胡子,
但我回到家时就把它刮了。
斯科特:你为什么把它刮了?
迈 克:我妻子不喜欢!

 

  自学导读
1.What a beautiful  ship!多漂亮的轮船啊!
what引导的感叹句通常是由 What + a(n)+形容词+名词构成的。
2.That's right.对。
这句是对上面附加疑问句的回答。上面一句虽用否定形式提问,但回答则根据事实来决定是用肯定或是否定形式。That's right是肯定的回答,相当于Yes, it is(那正是我)。
3.grow a beard,留胡子。
4.shave it off,把胡子刮掉。
it指 a beard。
5.定语成分
standing5 behind the counter6和 repairing the road是现在分词短语,作后置定语,分别修饰 The man, The woman和The men。
I served yesterday 和I saw yesterday 是定语从句,分别修饰the man, the woman和the men。此处关系代词 whom省略了。
I bought yesterday和I found in the garden是定语从句,分别修饰 the book, the books和 the kitten。关系代词 which或 that 省略了。


  语法  Grammar in use
定语从句中的省略
当关系代词代表主语并且从句中的谓语动词是(现在)进行时态时,关系代词及助动词be均可省略。如果关系代词在从句中代表宾语,则往往可以省略。此外,定语从句可用介词结尾。
请分别看以下的例句:
The woman  standing behind the counter served me.
站在柜台后边的那位妇女为我服务/招待了我。
This is the book I bought yesterday.
这就是我昨天买的那本书。
The man I served was wearing a hat.
我招待过的那个人当时戴着一顶帽子。
That's the ship we travelled on.
那就是我们旅行时乘的船。
That's the man I told you about.
那就是我告诉过你有关情况的那个人。


  词汇学习  Word study
1.travel  v.
(1)旅行;游历:
He said that if he had a lot of money he would  travel around the world.
他说,如果他有很多钱的话,他将会周游全世界。
(2)行进;(被)传送:
Light travels faster than sound at the speed of 300,000 kilometres per7 second.
光速比声速要快,为每秒钟30万公里。
The news didn't travel as fast as we had expected.
这消息传播得不如我们所预料得那样快。
2.offer  v.
(1)(主动)给予;提供:
He is offered a job in Canada.
有人提供给他一份在加拿大的工作。
We offered some coffee to the guests.
我们为客人们提供了咖啡。
(2)提出;出(价):
Do you have any good suggestions to offer?
你能否提供一些好的建议?
I'll offer you £ 30,000 for the house.
这所房子我愿出3万英镑买下来。
(3)(主动)表示愿意,提议:
He offered to help me with my research8 paper.
他表示愿意帮助我一起做我的研究论文。
‘I could lend you some books,’Jane offered.
“我可以借你一些书,”简自告奋勇地提议。
3.grow  v.
(1)生长;成长:
His hair has grown too long.
他的头发长得太长了。
The trees have grown rapidly9.
树木生长得快。
(2)使生长;留(须发):
He grew a beard during the trip.
他在旅行时留了胡子。
We grew a lot of roses in our garden.
我们在自己的花园里种植了大量的玫瑰花。


 练习答案  Key to written exercises
Lesson 124
A
1  She is the woman I drove10 to London.
2  That's the film I saw.
3  That's the man I spoke11 to.
4  They are the thieves the police caught.
5  These are the letters I typed.
6  These are the people you asked me about.
B
1  Which man? That man?
Yes, that's the man I saw yesterday.
2  Which car? That car?
Yes, that's the car I repaired yesterday.
3  Which woman? That woman?
Yes, that's the woman I drove to London yesterday.
4  Which umbrella? That umbrella?
Yes, that's the umbrella I bought yesterday.
5  Which medicine ?That medicine?
Yes , that's the medicine I took yesterday.
6  Which man? That man?
Yes, that's the man I invited to my house yesterday.
C
1  That's right. This is the village I wrote to you about.
2  That's right. He is the person I have heard about.
3  That's right. This is the test I spoke to you about.
4  That's right. She is the woman I read about.
5  That's right. This is something(new) I haven't thought about.
6  That's right. This is something I must decide about.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 beard rQSyq    
n.(下巴上的)胡须;络腮胡子;vt.使长胡须,公开反对
参考例句:
  • My grandfather wears a beard.我爷爷留着胡须。
  • He's decided to grow a beard.他已经决定蓄胡子。
2 shave Iz4wX    
n.修面,刮胡子,幸免,剃刀;vt.修面,剃,修剪,掠过;vi.刮脸,擦过
参考例句:
  • He had a shave before he went out.他外出前刮了脸。
  • I usually shave at seven in the morning.我通常早上7点刮脸。
3 shaved c0f59aceae831986c172d9b239bab7a8    
n.剃过的v.(用剃刀)刮(胡须等),为(某人)剃毛发( shave的过去式和过去分词 );刨(木头等);削;掠过
参考例句:
  • They had to obey the decree that beards be shaved off. 他们只得服从剃光胡须的法令。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The car just shaved the wall while it was cornering. 汽车在拐弯时恰好擦过墙边。 来自《简明英汉词典》
4 expressions 1476dfb963d54c697399a79fafa90151    
n.表情( expression的名词复数 );表示;(数学)表达式;词
参考例句:
  • ritualized expressions of grief 以例行的方式表达悲伤
  • The fashionable remarks of today often become the commonplace expressions of tomorrow. 今天的时髦话往往变成明天的陈词滥调。 来自《简明英汉词典》
5 standing 2hCzgo    
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
6 counter Iznxc    
n.柜台;计数器;adj.相反的;adv.与…相反地;vt.反对,反击;vi.反对,反击
参考例句:
  • This counter is closed now.这个柜台现在已停止营业。
  • Set the counter to zero and you'll know where the recording starts.把计数器拨到零,你就会知道录音从哪儿开始。
7 per zMsxm    
prep.每,每一,根据,按照;由,经,以,靠
参考例句:
  • These apples cost 40 pence per pound.这些苹果每磅40便士。
  • The truck was traveling under fifty miles per hour.那辆卡车以每小时不到五十英里的速度行驶着。
8 research SWuxr    
n.探索;调查;研究 vt./vi.调查;研究
参考例句:
  • Research has shown that women live longer than men.调查表明女性比男性寿命长。
  • The research group is ready to start its work.这个研究小组已准备好随时开始工作。
9 rapidly lk5zCZ    
adv.快地,迅速地
参考例句:
  • The company has grown rapidly in the last five years.这家公司近五年来迅速地发展壮大。
  • Ice changes into water rapidly on a hot day.天气炎热的时候,冰很快就化为水。
10 drove brAxi    
vbl.驾驶,drive的过去式;n.畜群
参考例句:
  • He drove at a speed of sixty miles per hour.他以每小时60英里的速度开车。
  • They drove foreign goods out of the market.他们把外国货驱逐出市场。
11 spoke XryyC    
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
参考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。


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