注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

D.S的个人主页

生命如歌

 
 
 

日志

 
 
关于我
d.s

风雨、尘埃、阳光、悲欢与苦涩,只要您愿意去品,都是一种美丽!每个人都有属于自己的生活方式,很难定义正确与否,重要的是要让自己活得真实、自然。

网易考拉推荐

新概念英语第一册 lesson 137 - lesson 140  

2016-01-18 02:10:09|  分类: 【基础英语】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

Lesson 137 A pleasant dream

  听录音,然后回答问题。

What would Julie like to do, if she had the money?
如果朱莉有那笔钱,她想做什么呢?


June:              Are you doing the football pools(赌注), Brian?
Brian:             Yes, I’ve nearly finished, June. I’m sure we will win something this week.
June:   You always say that, but we never win anything! What will you do if you win a lot of money?
Brian:             If I win a lot of money , I shall buy you a mink1 coat.
June:              I don’t want  a mink coat! I want to see the world.(见世面)
Brian:   All right. If we win a lot of money, we shall travel around the world and we shall stay at the best hotels. Then we shall return home and buy a big house in the country. We shall have a beautiful garden and…
June:   But if we spend all that money we shall be poor again. What shall we do then?
Brian:             If we spend all the money, we shall try and win the football pools again.
June:   It’s a pleasant dream, but everything depends on “if”!
New Word and expressions 生词和短语
football
n. 足球
pool
n. 赌注
win (won, won)
v. 赢
world
n. 世界
poor
adj. 贫穷的
depend
v. 依靠(on)
参考译文
朱 莉:布赖恩,你正在下足球赛的赌注吗?
布赖恩:是的。我这就做完了。朱莉。
我敢肯定这星期我们会赢一点的。
朱 莉:你老是那样说,但是我们从来没
赢过!要是你赢了许多钱,你打算
做什么呢?
布赖恩:要是我赢了许多钱,我给你买件
貂皮大衣。
朱 莉:我不要貂皮大衣。我要去见风世面。
布赖恩:好吧。要是我们赢了很多钱,我们
就去周游世界,并且住最好的旅馆。
然后我们返回家园,在乡下买幢大
房子。我们将有一个漂亮的花园和
……
朱 莉:但是如果我们把所有钱都花光了,
我们又会变穷的。那时我们怎么
办呢?
布赖恩:如果我们花光了所有钱,我们设法
在足球赛赌注上再赢一次。
朱 莉:这是个美好的梦,但一切都取决于
“如果”!

 

  自学导读
1.do the football pools,下足球赛的赌注。
football pools 是英国流行的一种赌博方式,靠在足球比赛结果上的赌注来决定输赢。
2.What will you do if you win a lot of money?如果你赢了许多钱,你打算做什么呢?
if you win a lot of money是一个表示条件的状语从句。在英文中,条件是指某一事情(状语从句中的动作)实现之后其他事情(主句中的动作)才能发生,通常译为“假如”。如果条件状语从句用于询问或谈论十分可能发生的事情,那么条件状语从句中常用一般现在时,而主句中则用一般将来时。 a lot of既可与可数名词也可与不可数名词连用。(请参见本课语法部分。)
3.buy  sb. sth.= buy  sth.sb.。
4.see the world,看世界。
travel round the world,周游世界。
二者有异曲同工之处。
5. What'll we do then?那时我们怎么办呢?
句中then意为“到那时”(指将来)。
6.a pleasant dream,一个美好的梦。
7.depend on,取决于,依靠。


 语法  Grammar in use
第1类条件句
如果我们认为将来的事件是可能发生的,就可用第1类条件句去描述将会发生什么事或不会发生什么事。其基本结构是:If +一般现在时+将来时(或情态助动词),如:
If it rains tomorrow, we won't go to the seaside.
如果明天下雨,我们就不去海边。
if从句中的现在时表示需具备的条件,主句中的shall/will将来时表示可能的结果。具备的条件是真实的,可能真的下雨。
如果是这样,它就会有真实的结果。这就是为什么这样的陈述句常被称为“开放”条件句或“真实”条件句的原因。事实上,在第1类条件句中,一切现在时态都能用在if之后,而不仅仅是一般现在时。请看例句:
If he falls ,he'll hurt himself.
如果他摔倒了,他会伤着自己的。
If you don't hurry ,we'll miss the train.
你要是不赶紧点儿,我们就会误了火车。
If you feel better, you can get up.
你要是感觉好些了的话,你就能起床了。
If I am better tomorrow, I will get up.
如果我明天感觉好些了,我就起床下地。
If I have a headache, I will take an aspirin2.
我要是头疼的话就会服用一片阿司匹林。
If I can afford it, I will buy it.
要是我买得起的话我就会买它。


词汇学习  Word study
1.depend  v.(on)
(1)视……而定;取决于:
It depends on whether they win or not.
这取决于他们是否能赢。
(2)依靠;依赖:
The country depends heavily on its export of farming3 products.
这个国家在很大程度上依赖于其农产品的出口。
They depended on us for help.
他们依靠的是我们的帮助。
(3)信赖;相信:
We can depend on the accuracy4 of the test.
我们可以相信测试的准确性。
You can depend on John----he is an honest man.
你可以信赖约翰——他是一个诚实的人。
2.win  v.
(1)赢(如比赛或奖项);获胜:
Which team won?
哪一队获胜了?
He felt very excited to have won the gold medal.
赢得了金牌,他感到非常兴奋。
(2)(经过努力等)赢得;取得;成功:
Do you think he will win the election5?
你认为他竞选会成功吗?
He had been applying for a scholarship6 and he won at last.
他一直在申请奖学金并终于获得了。


练习答案  Key to written exercises
Lesson 138
A
1  He is doing the football pools.
2  No, he has never won anything on the football pools.
3  He will buy his wife a mink coat if he wins a lot of money.
4  No, she doesn't.
5  She wants to see the world.
6  He will try and win the football pools again.
7  Yes, it's only a dream.
8  It all depends on‘if’.
B
1  If he misses the bus, he'll take a taxi.
2  If he doesn't sell his old car, he won't buy a new one.
3  If they offer me more money, I'll work less.
4  If she doesn't type the letter,  he'll type it himself.
5  If they come home early, the children will play in the garden.
6  If I am ill tomorrow, I won't go to work.
7  If I go to the party, I'll enjoy myself.
8  If he asks me,  I'll tell him the truth.
9  If it rains tomorrow, they'll stay at home.
C
1  She can live abroad if she is rich.
2  He can travel round the world if he is rich.
3  He can buy a new house if he is rich.
4  They can have a long holiday if they are rich.
5  I can enjoy myself if I am rich.
6  You can offer your boss a job if you are rich.
7  He can fly to Tokyo if he is rich.
8  She can work less if she is rich.



点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  


1 mink ZoXzYR    
n.貂,貂皮
参考例句:
  • She was wearing a blue dress and a mink coat.她穿着一身蓝色的套装和一件貂皮大衣。
  • He started a mink ranch and made a fortune in five years. 他开了个水貂养殖场,五年之内就赚了不少钱。
2 aspirin 4yszpM    
n.阿司匹林
参考例句:
  • The aspirin seems to quiet the headache.阿司匹林似乎使头痛减轻了。
  • She went into a chemist's and bought some aspirin.她进了一家药店,买了些阿司匹林。
3 farming ituzIo    
n.农事;耕作
参考例句:
  • He lives by farming.他靠务农过活。
  • He is farming in Africa.他在非洲经营农场。
4 accuracy KN7zp    
n.准确(性);精确(性)
参考例句:
  • There is need to check the accuracy of these figures.有必要核对一下这些数字的精确性。
  • I doubt the accuracy of your statement.我怀疑你的话的正确性。
5 election ujezm    
n.选举,选择权;当选
参考例句:
  • There is no doubt but that he will win the election.毫无疑问,他将在竞选中获胜。
  • The government will probably fall at the coming election.在即将到来的大选中,该政府很可能要垮台。
6 scholarship YDVzt    
n.学问,学术成就,奖学金
参考例句:
  • The girl who won the scholarship was quite outstanding.得奖学金的女孩是相当杰出的。
  • I made up my mind to apply for a scholarship.我决定申请奖学金。

Lesson 139 Is that you, John?

  听录音,然后回答问题。Which John Smith does Graham Turner think he is talking to?
格雷厄姆.特纳以为他在和哪一个约翰.史密斯通话?

Mr Grimes:     Is that you, John?
John Smith:   Yes, speaking.
Mr Grimes:   Tell Mary we shall be late for dinner this evening.
John Smith:   I’m afraid I don’t understand.
Mr Grimes:   Hasn’t Mary told you? She invited betty and me to dinner this evening. I said I would be at your house at six o’clock, but the boss wants me to do some extra work. I’ll have to stay at the office. I don’t know when I shall finish. Oh, and by the way, my wife wants to know if Mary needs any help.
John Smith:    I don’t know what you’re talking about.
Mr Grimes:        That is John Smith, isn’t it?
John Smith:       Yes, I’m John Smith.
Mr Grimes:       You are John Smith, the engineer, aren’t you?
John Smith:       That’s right.
Mr Grimes:       You work for the Overseas1 Engineering2 Company, don’t you?
John Smith:    No, I don’t. I’m John Smith the telephone engineer and I’m repairing your telephone line.
New Word and expressions 生词和短语
extra
adj. 额外的
overseas
adj. 海外的,国外的
engineering
n. 工程
company
n. 公司
line
n. 线路
参考译文
格雷厄姆.特纳:是你吗,约翰?
约 翰.史 密斯:是我,请讲。
格雷厄姆.特纳:你告诉玛丽,今晚吃饭将晚到一会儿。
约 翰.史 密斯:恐怕我还不明白您的意思。
格雷厄姆.特纳:玛丽没有告诉你吗?
她邀请我和夏洛特今晚去
吃饭。我说过我6点到你家,
但老板要我加班。我不得
不留在办公室,不知道什
么时候才能结束。喔,
顺便问一问,我妻子想知
道玛丽是否需要帮忙。
约 翰.史 密斯:我不知道您在说些什么。
格雷厄姆.特纳:你是约翰.史密斯,对吗?
约 翰.史密 斯: 是的,我是约翰.史密斯。
格雷厄姆.特纳:你是工程师约翰.史密斯,
对吗?
约 翰.史 密斯:对。
格雷厄姆.特纳:你在海外工程公司上班,
是吗?
约 翰.史 密斯:不,不是。我是电话工程
师约翰.史密斯,我正在
修理您的电话线。

 

  自学导读
1.Tell Mary we'll be late for dinner this evening. 你告诉玛丽,今晚吃饭我们将晚到一会儿。
句中 we will be late…是一个宾语从句,作动词 tell的宾语。
这个宾语从句省略了引导词that。late表示“迟到”的意思时通常作表语,与for连用。
2.by the way, 顺便(问、说一下)。
说话者忽然想到另一件事的时候用此来表示改变话题。


语法  Grammar in use
宾语从句(2)
在以前已介绍过宾语从句一般由that, which和whom引导,它们有时在口语中可以省略。除此之外,宾语从句还可以由when, where, what, why, how以及 if和 whether这些疑问词来引导,而它们在句中往往不能加以省略。无论是that, if还是wh-疑问词引导的宾语从句通常都应以陈述句的形式出现。
请看例句:
She wants to know when you'll have a bath.
她想知道你何时洗澡。
I don't know where she lives.
我不知道她住在哪儿。
He wants to know what you are cooking.
他想知道你在做什么饭。
She wants to know why Mary is late.
她想知道玛丽为何迟到。
He wants to know if you are tired.
他想知道你是否累了。


 词汇学习  Word study
1.extra
(1)adj. 额外的;外加的;另外收费的:
Could you get an extra bottle of milk?
请你再拿一瓶牛奶好吗?
On Sundays, she always gets some extra sleep.
星期天她总是比平时多睡一会儿。
Guests at this hotel can use the gym at no extra cost.
这家饭店的客人们可以使用健身房,不再额外收费。
(2)adv. 额外地;另外:
He usually works3 extra on weekends.
他通常在周末加班。
They'll charge you extra for room service.
饭菜送到房间是要另外收费的。
She is extra nice to her colleagues4 these days.
这些日子她对她的同事们特别好。
2.overseas
(1)adj. 海外的;国外的:
The university recruits5 a large number of overseas
students each year.
这所大学每年招收大量的外国留学生。
This small country depends heavily on its overseas trade.
这个小国在很大程度上依赖于其海外贸易。
(2)adv. 在(或向)海外;在(或向)国外:
John is going to work overseas soon.
约翰不久就要出国工作了。
He has never been overseas.
他还从未出过国。


练习答案  Key to written exercises
Lesson 140
A
1  Yes, Graham Turner is speaking to John Smith.
2  Mary invited Mr. and Mrs. Turner to dinner.
3  Graham Turner said he would be there at six o'clock.
4  Because his boss wanted him to do some extra work.
5  No, he doesn't.
6  Mr. Turner's wife wants to know if Mary needs any help.
B
1  I want to know if you are late. Tell me if you are late.
I want to know why you are late. Tell me why you are late.
2  I want to know if you are dirty. Tell my if you are dirty.
I want to know why you are dirty. Tell me why you are dirty.
3  I want to know if you are lazy. Tell me if you are lazy.
I want to know why you are lazy. Tell me why you are lazy.
4  I want to know if you are busy. Tell me if you are busy.
I want to know why you are busy. Tell me why you are busy.
C
1  I want to know if you are writing. Tell me if you are writing.
I want to know what you are writing. Tell me what you are writing.
2  I want to know if you are cooking. Tell me if you are cooking.
I want to know what you are cooking. Tell me what you are cooking.
3  I want to know if you are painting. Tell me if you are painting.
I want to know what you are painting. Tell me what you are painting.
4  I want to know if you are playing. Tell me if you are playing.
I want to know what you are playing. Tell me what you are playing.
D
1  I want to know if Tom got up early. Tell me if Tom got up early.
I want to know when Tom got up. Tell me when Tom got up.
2  I want to know if Tom arrived late. Tell me if Tom arrived late.
I want to know when Tom arrived. Tell me when Tom arrived.
3  I want to know if Tom did his homework yesterday. Tell me if Tom did his homework yesterday.
I want to know when Tom did his homework yesterday. Tell me when Tom did his homework yesterday.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  


1 overseas cKTxs    
adj.海外的;adv.在海外
参考例句:
  • Her man has been sent overseas by his employers.她的丈夫已被雇主派往海外。
  • Many firms are focusing on increasing their markets overseas.许多商行都专注于扩大国外市场。
2 engineering vtyzmS    
n.工程,工程学,管理,操纵
参考例句:
  • The science of engineering began as soon as man learned to use tools. 人类一学会使用工具,工程科学就开始了。
  • It was the first great engineering works in the world. 这是世界上第一家大型的工程工厂。
3 works ieuzIh    
n.作品,著作;工厂,活动部件,机件
参考例句:
  • We expect writers to produce more and better works.我们期望作家们写出更多更好的作品。
  • The novel is regarded as one of the classic works.这篇小说被公认为是最优秀的作品之一。
4 colleagues 7801ef7e930d2e49cf6e071f5fc43c63    
n.同事,同僚( colleague的名词复数 );同人
参考例句:
  • He wanted to confer with his colleagues before reaching a decision. 他想与他的同事先商议一下再作出决定。
  • She is held in high esteem by her colleagues. 她深受同事的敬重。
5 recruits 491ee3a469c87c15970c2573bf9cc11a    
新兵( recruit的名词复数 ); (机构中的)新成员; 就业; 人才开发
参考例句:
  • A corps of doctors arrived to inoculate the recruits. 一队医生来给新兵打防疫针。
  • The recruits are exercised every day in the art of self-defence. 新兵每天训练自卫技能。
  评论这张
 
阅读(21)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017